Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
Does the marine biome have the most biodiversity?
Lesson Summary. Aquatic biomes are divided into zones based on factors such as water depth and amount of sunlight available for photosynthesis. … Marine biomes include neritic, oceanic, and benthic biomes. Intertidal zones, estuaries, and coral reefs are marine biomes with the highest biodiversity.
Does the marine biome have biodiversity?
The marine biome has the most biodiversity of all the biomes. Many of the animals, such as fish, have gills that allow them to breathe the water. Other animals are mammals that need to come to surface to breathe, but spend much of their lives in the water.
Does the ocean have a high or low biodiversity?
Ecosystems based upon water can either be highly diverse or have a very low biodiversity. The ecosystems that are marine, or made up of saltwater, include coral reefs and the intertidal zone, which are both highly diverse, as well as the open ocean, which has a fairly low biodiversity.
Does the deep ocean have high biodiversity?
The deep sea is the most extensive habitat on our planet, and it supports surprisingly high biodiversity.
What is high biodiversity?
High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
Where is most marine biodiversity found?
The ocean contains a wealth of biodiversity, and most of this diversity lives in the sunlit area called the euphotic zone (see Distribution of Life, page 45, for more information).
Why is marine biodiversity so high?
` The marine environment has a very high biodiversity because 32 out of the 33 described animal phyla are represented in there. … Biodiversity includes four main components: Genetic diversity refers to the genetic variation that occurs among members of the same species.
What are examples of marine biodiversity?
For example, macroalgae, seagrass and corals form large undersea forests, meadows or reefs that provide habitats for many other species such as molluscs, crustaceans and fish.
Why marine biodiversity is important?
Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …
What ecosystem has a high biodiversity?
Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America. Such forests are also thriving in parts of central Africa and also in islands of Indonesia. In marine environment, coral reefs are example of high biodiversity aquatic ecosystems.
How much biodiversity is in the oceans?
Oceans cover 70% of our planet and represent over 95% of the biosphere.
What is the biodiversity of the beach?
Our coastal and beach biodiversity includes all the plants and animals found from the front of the dunes by the sea to the taller shrubs, pohutukawa and inland species growing at the backs of beaches, on cliffs and in coastal wetlands and harbours.