Best answer: What are hotspots of biodiversity name the hotspots found in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are hotspots and hotspots in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

What is called hotspots of biodiversity?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Some of these hotspots support up to 15,000 endemic plant species and some have lost up to 95% of their natural habitat.

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What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

Which are the hotspots found in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are the 36 biodiversity hotspot?

List of 36 Biodiversity Hotspots

  • North and Central America. These continents play host to thousands and thousands of acres of important habitats. …
  • South America. …
  • Central Asia.
  • Africa. …
  • Cerrado, Brazil. …
  • Himalayas. …
  • Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean. …
  • Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

Which is the most prevalent hotspots of biodiversity in India?

the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.

How many ecological hotspots are there in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

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What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

Where are biodiversity hotspots?

Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.

What are hotspots of biodiversity class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

What are the hotspots of biodiversity with two examples?

What is a Biodiversity Hotspot?

  • Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.
  • Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean.
  • Cerrado – Brazil.
  • Himalaya – Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China.
  • Cape Floral Region – South Africa.
  • Coastal Forests – Eastern Africa.

What are biodiversity hotspots give one example?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.

Which are the hotspots found in India discuss their salient features?

Some of these biodiversity hotspots are present in India which includes:

  • The Western Ghats. These hills are present along the western edge of peninsular India. …
  • The Himalayas. This region comprises Bhutan, Northeast India, and Southern, Central and Eastern Nepal. …
  • Indo-Burma Region. …
  • Sundaland.
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