Warmer ones are closer to the equator where the Sun’s heat is stronger. … Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.
How does being close to the equator affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
What happens to the climate the further a location is from the equator?
The further a location is from the equator, the less sunlight that location receives to heat the atmosphere and thus, the temperature is colder. The reason that higher latitudes receive less sunlight is due to the shape of Earth.
What happens to air temperature when you get nearer to the equator?
Ultimately, the temperature in an area depends on the amount of the Sun’s energy reaching the surface in that area. The amount of solar energy in a given area is greater at the equator than in an equal area at the poles, which is why the equator temperature is warmer than the polar temperatures.
What kind of climate occurs in most places near the equator?
What kind of climate occurs in most places near the equator? A hot climate occurs in most places near the equator.
Why do drier climates usually exist closer to the equator?
For example, hot regions are normally closest to the equator. The climate is hotter there because the Sun’s light is most directly overhead at the equator. … The categories were also influenced by a region’s latitude—the imaginary lines used to measure our Earth from north to south from the equator.
Why is it hotter nearer the equator?
Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. … This means more heat from the sun makes it to the surface of the Earth.
What happens as we move away from the equator?
Answer: In any sphere the circumference is lengthier at 0°. So equator is lengthiest latitude and the degree increases or move away from equator to pole the circumference of globe decreases hence latitudinal length also decreases. The length of a parallel increases as we move away from the poles towards the equator.
How do altitude and distance from the sea affect the climate of a place?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. Distance from the sea – Oceans heat up and cool down much more slowly than land.
How is the climate of torrid zone different from the frigid zone?
How is the climate of Torrid zone different from Frigid zone? Torrid Zone Frigid Zone TheTorrid zone lies in the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This zone receives direct rays of the sun and is very hot and humid. Some areas in this zone receive high rainfall.
What is the temperature of air from the equator towards the pole?
Air temperature decreases from the equator towards the poles.
How does the altitude of a place affect its temperature?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases.
What’s the temperature at the equator?
Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones, from 2,500 to 3,500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.
What is Equator climate zone?
A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year. … A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot, very humid, and wet.
Which two climate regions occur on and around the equator?
Tropical wet and dry climates sit just outside the ITCZ, near the Equator. They have three seasons. One season is cool and dry—when the warm, moist ITCZ is in the opposite hemisphere.
What are climate zones?
A climate zone results from the climate conditions of an area: its temperature, humidity, amount and type of precipitation, and the season. A climate zone is reflected in a region’s natural vegetation. … The major factors that influence climate determine the different climate zones.