Frequent question: How does El Nino affect the climate of India Brainly?

How does El Niño affect the climate of India?

El-Nino increases the surface temperature of the sea and affects the movement of monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean and causes weak drought-like situation in the Indian sub continent.

How does El Niño affect climate?

El Niño can affect our weather significantly. … El Niño causes the Pacific jet stream to move south and spread further east. During winter, this leads to wetter conditions than usual in the Southern U.S. and warmer and drier conditions in the North. El Niño also has a strong effect on marine life off the Pacific coast.

What is the effect of El Niño on India’s climate Class 9?

El Nino – Effects on India

The Indian Ocean is warmer than the adjoining oceans and so, has relatively lower pressure. Hence, moisture-laden winds move from near the western Pacific to the Indian Ocean.

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How does El Niño and La Nina affect Indian monsoon?

In a phenomenon called El Nino, warming of sea surface temperatures in eastern equatorial Pacific, near the Peru coast — or the cooling effect in the same region called La Nina — affects the Indian southwest monsoon negatively or positively.

What is El Nino effect?

El Niño is a phenomenon that occurs when unusually warm ocean water piles up along the equatorial west coast of South America. When this phenomenon develops, it affects weather patterns around the globe, including the winter weather along the west coast of North America.

What is El Nino and La Nina examine their effects on India’s climate and rainfall?

For India, El Nino during winter results in development of warm conditions. During summer, it leads to dry conditions and deficient monsoon, leading to droughts and water scarcity. Whereas La-Nina brings rains and stronger monsoon in India, it may cause flood like situation in coastal areas.

How does El Niño affect the climates in the mid Pacific region?

During El Niño, the surface winds across the entire tropical Pacific are weaker than usual. Ocean temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean are warmer than average, and rainfall is below average over Indonesia and above average over the central or eastern Pacific.

How does El Niño affect climate quizlet?

The increase or decrease of what makes it warmer or colder. El Nino Southern Oscillation, trade winds weaken & warm surface water moves toward South America. Diminished fisheries off South America, drought in western Pacific, increased precipitation in southwestern North America, fewer Atlantic hurricanes.

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Is El Niño climate or weather?

El Niño is a climate pattern that describes the unusual warming of surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. … El Niño has an impact on ocean temperatures, the speed and strength of ocean currents, the health of coastal fisheries, and local weather from Australia to South America and beyond.

What is El Nino effect Class 9 Ncert?

‘El Nino’ is a Spanish word meaning ‘the child’, and refers to the baby Christ, as this current starts flowing during Christmas. The presence of the El Nino leads to an increase in sea-surface temperatures and weakening of the trade winds in the region.

What is the effect of El Nino Class 9?

(i) The presence of the EL-Nino leads to an increase in sea-surface temperatures. (ii) It weakens the trade winds in the regions and causes heavy rainfall, floods or droughts in different regions of the world.

What is El Nino effect class 10?

The El Nino effect refers to uneven climatic changes due to rise in temperature. It leads to increased melting of polar ice caps as well as other places like the Himalayan snow caps. This results in the rise in the sea level which can submerge many coastal areas, thus resulting in biodiversity loss.

How does El Nino and La Nina affect Indian monsoon Brainly?

El Nino during winter causes warm conditions over the Indian subcontinent and during summer, it leads to dry conditions and deficient monsoon. Whereas La Nina results in better than normal monsoon in India. … Crops like Paddy, Maize, Groundnut, Guar, Castor, Tur, Moong and Bajra would suffer due to El Nino.

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Does El Nino cause drought in India?

In a recent study by Indian Institute of Science’s (IISc) Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (CAOS), it has been found that El Niño was not the only cause for droughts during the Summer Monsoon in the Indian Subcontinent. … It is the usual suspect for failing Indian summer monsoons between June and September.

How does La Nina affect India?

The trade winds carry this weather disturbance elsewhere and affect large parts of the world. In India, the La Nina is generally responsible for cooler than normal winters and more than normal rainfall.