How are mountains useful in the ecosystem?

Mountains also provide us with many important goods, including wood, pastures for livestock, drinking water and clean air. All are provided by mountain ecosystems, through complex processes, that are maintained by the community of different species and their interactions between them and with the abiotic environment.

What ecosystem do mountains provide?

Mountain lands provide a scattered but diverse array of habitats in which a large range of plants and animals can be found. At higher altitudes harsh environmental conditions generally prevail, and a treeless alpine vegetation, upon which the present account is focused, is supported.

What is the usefulness of a mountain?

Mountains play a significant role in providing water and food supply to the millions of people in the world. Mountains cover around 22 percent of the surface of the earth and 13 percent of the world’s population live in the mountains. Mountains offer 60-80 percent of the world’s freshwater. …

How do mountains affect climate?

Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.

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What are 3 advantages of mountains?

few of the benefits of high mountains are:

  • the higher ranges of mountain helps in physical health.
  • they provide unique habbitation and support biodiversity.
  • it helps in prevent with speed of wind.
  • promote tourism also.
  • Source of fresh water.
  • War strategies.

How do mountains help the Earth?

Mountains are the world’s “water towers,” providing 60-80% of all freshwater resources for our planet. At least half of the world’s population depends on mountain ecosystem services to survive – not only water, but also food and clean energy.

What are the two uses of mountain?

Water from the Mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity. The river valleys and terraces are ideal for cultivation of crops. Also, mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna. The forests provide fuel, fodder, shelter and other products like gum, raisins, etc.

Why do mountains affect weather and climate?

Mountains as rain makers and rain takers

The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. When the moist, oceanic air encounters the mountains it begins to rise. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation.

Why do mountains have their own climate?

Mass, who is a professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington, says the physical structure of mountains can create their own weather systems, caused by the way air flows around them. … This causes the air to flow up the slopes on both the eastern and western sides of the Cascades or Olympics.

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How do mountains affect clouds?

When wind blows across a mountain range, air rises and cools and clouds can form. … The side of the mountains where the wind leaves the area is called the leeward side. Another way that mountains cause cloud formation is when air rises because the mountain is warmer than the surrounding air and causes the air to rise.

How forest and mountains are useful to us?

They visit the mountains for their scenic beauty. Several sports like paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting and skinning are popular in the mountains. Mountains are very useful. The mountains are a storehouse of water.