How do ocean surface currents affect climate quizlet?

How do ocean surface currents affect climate?

Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … The ocean doesn’t just store solar radiation; it also helps to distribute heat around the globe.

How does ocean currents affect climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

What are some of the effects of ocean currents quizlet?

Ocean currents bring warm water and rain from the equator to the poles and cold water from the poles toward the equator.

What is the connection between surface currents and climate?

Large-scale surface ocean currents are driven by global wind systems that are fueled by energy from the sun. These currents transfer heat from the tropics to the polar regions, influencing local and global climate.

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How do ocean currents affect climate of coastal regions?

In coastal regions, cooler ocean currents tend to cause cooler land temperatures, and warmer ocean currents tend to cause warmer land temperatures in coastal regions.

How does ocean currents affect the climate and economic activities of an area?

Ocean currents influence the climate and economic activities of coastal regions in the following ways: Warm currents raise the temperature along the coast, while cold currents drop the temperature along the coast. … Winds blowing over warm currents result in a good amount of rainfall, as they get moisture-laden.

Does the ocean influence our weather or climate?

The ocean is a significant influence on Earth’s weather and climate. The ocean covers 70% of the global surface. This great reservoir continuously exchanges heat, moisture, and carbon with the atmosphere, driving our weather patterns and influencing the slow, subtle changes in our climate.

What are the effects of ocean currents?

Effects of Ocean Currents

  • They result in rain. Warm currents lead to evaporation, which turns into the rain for the coastal areas. …
  • They can also cause deserts. …
  • They can destroy marine wildlife. …
  • They help with the continuity of life. …
  • They save up on time and costs. …
  • They can result in deaths.

What causes ocean surface currents quizlet?

Surface currents occur at the surface of the ocean and are caused by global winds; the Gulf Stream is an example. Deep currents occur deep in the ocean and are influenced by water density, salinity, and temperature.

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Why are surface currents at the surface of the ocean?

Surface currents in the ocean are driven by global wind systems that are fueled by energy from the sun. Patterns of surface currents are determined by wind direction, Coriolis forces from the Earth’s rotation, and the position of landforms that interact with the currents.

What are surface currents quizlet?

surface currents. ocean currents that occur at or near the surface of the ocean, caused by wind. affected by 3 factors; continental deflections, the coriolis effect, and global winds.

What is significant about global ocean currents quizlet?

Ocean currents have an important effect on climates. When currents from low-latitude regions move into higher latitudes, they transfer heat from warmer to cooler areas on Earth.

How does ocean currents affect the climate of South Africa?

The Agulhas Current transports warm tropical Indian Ocean water southwards along the South African coast. It modulates the rainfall along the east coast and interior regions of South Africa by providing the latent heat of evaporation needed for onshore wind systems to pick up moisture and carry it inland.

How do ocean currents and water masses differ in their impacts on marine life and coastal environment?

Rainfall: warm ocean currents bring rain to the areas adjacent to it. … Sea ice formation: Ocean currents and masses are responsible for the formation of sea ice at higher latitudes. The region of temperate climates will suffer from sea ice formation which affects coastal navigation leading to loss of economic activity.

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Why are ocean currents important in modifying regional climates?

Why are ocean currents important in modifying regional climates? Ocean currents redistribute heat from low latitudes to high latitudes. … The Gulf Stream strongly affects regional climates.