The biosphere, the sum total of living things on Earth, profoundly influences climate. Through photosynthesis, plants help regulate the flow of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Forests and oceans serve as “carbon sinks” that have a cooling impact on climate.
How do living things influence climate?
There are many different ways that the plants, animals and other life on our planet, affect climate. Some produce greenhouses gases that trap heat and aid global warming through the greenhouse effect, while others reduce the amount of greenhouse gases.
What determines your climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents. … These, too, are natural factors that influence precipitation.
Do living things make up Earth’s climate system?
Earth’s climate arises from the interaction of five major climate system components: the atmosphere (air), the hydrosphere (water), the cryosphere (ice and permafrost), the lithosphere (earth’s upper rocky layer) and the biosphere (living things).
What defines climate?
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather can change from hour-to-hour, day-to-day, month-to-month or even year-to-year. A region’s weather patterns, usually tracked for at least 30 years, are considered its climate.
How do living things depend on the environment?
All living things depend on their environment to supply them with what they need, including food, water, and shelter. … For example, living things that cannot make their own food must eat other organisms for food. Other interactions between living things include symbiotic relationships and competition for resources.
What are the three main factors that determine Earth’s climate?
Climate is usually described in terms of the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation and wind over a period of time, ranging from months to millions of years (the classical period is 30 years).
What determines climate in any given location?
Climate is defined as an area’s long-term weather patterns. … The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
What are the three most important factors of climate?
There are different factors affect the climate like planting areas, land surface, location for latitude and longitude lines, Ocean currents and other bodies of water, snow and ice. The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.
How does climate differ from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes?
Tropical latitudes are typically warmer than middle and high latitudes and have precipitation controlled by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Details. … This zone controls the climate in the tropics. The tropics are closer to the equator, this means that they are warmer than the mid-latitudes and the high latitudes.
What is climate example?
Climate is the average of that weather. For example, you can expect snow in the Northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. This is climate. The climate record also includes extreme values such as record high temperatures or record amounts of rainfall.