How does national biodiversity authority?

National Biodiversity Authority NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources. National Biodiversity Authority is a statutory autonomous-s body under the Ministry of Environment, established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the National Biological Diversity Act, 2002.

What is the work of national biodiversity authority?

The NBA is a Statutory Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory functions for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.

How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture?

How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture? 1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources. … National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.

How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture UPSC 2012?

How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture? NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.

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Why do we have National Biodiversity Authority?

The Act covers conservation, use of biological resources and associated knowledge occurring in India for commercial or research purposes or for the purposes of bio-survey and bio-utilisation. It provides a framework for access to biological resources and sharing the benefits arising out of such access and use.

What is National Biodiversity Authority structure and when it was established?

The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate change, Government of India established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India signed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.

How many National Biodiversity Authority are there in India?

Accordingly, in all the 29 States, SBBs have been established.. Biodiversity Management Committees are to be established under Section 41 of the Act at local level. The BMCs play a vital role in documenting biodiversity, their sustainable use and in dealing with Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) issues.

Who coined the term biopiracy?

The term biopiracy was coined in the early 1990s by Pat Mooney, founder of ETC Group – an organization which works to protect the world’s most vulnerable people from socioeconomic and environmental impacts of new technologies – to describe the theft or misappropriation of genetic resources and traditional knowledge …

What is biodiversity at global national and local levels?

‘Biological diversity’ or biodiversity is that part of nature which includes the differences in genes among the individuals of a species, the variety and richness of all the plant and animal species at different scales in space, locally, in a region, in the country and the world, and various types of ecosystems, both …

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When was National Biodiversity Authority established?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.