Monsoons dominate India’s climate. Monsoons are strong, often violent winds that change direction with the season. Monsoon winds blow from cold to warm regions because cold air takes up more space than warm air. … The winds carry moisture from the Indian Ocean and bring heavy rains from June to September.
How does monsoon winds affect climate of India?
The monsoon winds are largely affecting the Indian climate. The monsoon winds blow over the Indian Ocean, pick up moisture from June to September and cause rainfall across the country. … During Monsoon showers, temperatures also drop.
What controls the climate of India?
Complete answer: The six controls that affect the climate of India are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, ocean currents, distance from the sea and relief features.
How are monsoons beneficial to India?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane. … The rains also replenish nearly 100 large reservoirs critical for drinking water and power generation across the country.
Why does India have a tropical monsoon climate?
India has a tropical monsoon climate due to the presence of the Himalayas which do not allow the cold winds of Asia to reach the temperate northern parts of India and trap the monsoon which brings rain to the whole of the country.
Where does India have a monsoon type of climate?
The climate of the south and south-east Asia is mostly monsoon type due to the effect of the latitude, pressure and winds, altitude, ocean currents, distance from the sea, and relief features. India’s climate is defined as the “monsoon” type of climate.
What are the controls affecting the climate of India explain any four?
(i) The controls affecting the climate of India are: latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents and relief features.
What are the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India?
Characteristics of monsoon rainfall in India: (i) The duration of the monsoon is between 100 to 120 days from early June to mid-September. (ii) Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and continues for several days. This is known as the ‘burst’ of the monsoon.
What is impact of monsoon climate of India on Indian agriculture?
With around 55% of India’s arable land dependent on precipitation, the amount of rainfall during the current monsoon season could sway economic activity in the agriculture sector and industries linked to it. The shift in monsoon may entail grave consequences for India’s economy, food systems and people’s well-being.
What are the advantages of monsoon climate?
The seasonal rains make it possible for agriculture, forests and inhabitants of the region to store water for the next dry cycle of the climate. The monsoon season also brings lower temperatures to the Southwest.
What is the role of monsoon in our life?
A good monsoon brings economic prosperity for the whole country and boosts the Indian economy as agriculture contributes around 16 percent of its total Gross domestic product (GDP). High temperatures and heavy rainfall in the summer months are important for different types of Kharif crops.
How is India’s climate?
For the most part, the country has a tropical climate which throughout most of the interior is a mixture of wet and dry tropical weather. … In northern parts there is a humid tropical climate and along the western coast lies wet tropical areas.
What type of climate is in India?
Most of our India is a sub tropical country and that means very hot summers, humid rainy season and mild winters. In the hilly regions the summers are mild and the winters are cold. The monsoons affect most of India between June and August.
What is monsoon type of climate?
Monsoons are land and sea breezes on a much larger scale. Unlike equatorial wet climate, monsoon climate is characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons associated with seasonal reversal of winds. Floods in wet season and droughts in dry season are common.