The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
Why does the Philippines have so many endangered species?
Of more than 50,000 species of flora and fauna in the Philippines, more than half are found nowhere else in the world. However, there are now many endangered species in the Philippines heading to extinction mostly due to the numerous huntings.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
Major threats to inland water biodiversity, as well as marine and coastal environments, include chemical pollution and eutrophication, fisheries operations, habitat alteration, invasion of alien species and global climate change.
Why is biodiversity endangered?
ABOUT OUR ENDANGERED SPECIES WORK. What took 4 billion years to evolve is vanishing in the blink of an eye. Under relentless pressure from habitat destruction and climate change associated with exploding human populations, species are going extinct at up to 1,000 times the natural rate.
How is biodiversity in the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
Why is it that more species are declining in the Philippines and others are becoming endangered and almost extinct?
The toxic delicacy of shark fin causes ecosystem chaos, as nearly 60 percent of its species are threatened with extinction. Populations of species, like the endangered hammerheads and the vulnerable oceanic whitetip, have declined by as much as 90 percent in recent years due to the aggressive trading in shark fins.
Why is the Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
How do we protect Philippine biodiversity?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
What are the major environmental problems in the Philippines?
Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change.
Why is it so important to protect endangered species?
The Endangered Species Act is very important because it saves our native fish, plants, and other wildlife from going extinct. Once gone, they’re gone forever, and there’s no going back.
How are we losing biodiversity?
The main cause of the loss of biodiversity can be attributed to the influence of human beings on the world’s ecosystem, In fact human beings have deeply altered the environment, and have modified the territory, exploiting the species directly, for example by fishing and hunting, changing the biogeochemical cycles and …
How biodiversity is affected and endangered by human activities?
The main threats facing biodiversity globally are: destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.
Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?
Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. Entirely surrounded by tropical seas, the Philippines are separated from the Asian landmass by hundreds of miles of open water in most directions.
Which of the following places in the Philippines are well known for its high biodiversity?
More than 60 percent of the 167 different species of mammals and 65 percent of the 10,000+ species of plants are endemic. Although many of the islands have an incredible assortment of wildlife, no island has more to offer than the island province of Palawan.
What are the initiatives of the Philippine government to protect and conserve our biodiversity?
The Protect Wildlife Project was launched in 2016 in collaboration with Conservation International, USAID, and other partners to combat the threats to wildlife and the causes of biodiversity loss in the Philippines while taking into consideration environmental threats such as habitat loss, unsustainable harvesting, and …