What are some environmental factors that a mother could be exposed to that would negatively affect a developing baby?

Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcome include smoking, video display terminals, anesthetic gases, antineoplastic drugs and exposure to lead, selenium and inorganic mercury.

What are some environmental dangers to the mother and the baby?

These chemicals include commonly known hazards such as lead, mercury, and environmental tobacco smoke, as well as some pesticides, solvents, products containing chlorine, and other chemicals referred to as “persistent organic pollutants.” The fetus is particularly vulnerable to environmental chemicals that can disrupt …

What factors could affect baby if mom is exposed to stress depression?

Many independent prospective studies have now shown that if a mother is stressed, anxious or depressed while pregnant, her child is at increased risk for having a range of problems, including emotional problems, ADHD, conduct disorder and impaired cognitive development.

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What are some environmental factors that could cause birth defects?

Another environmental factor that can cause birth defects is uterine constraint.

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a term used to describe the typical birth defects caused by the mother’s alcohol use:

  • Learning disabilities.
  • Developmental delay.
  • Irritability.
  • Hyperactivity.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Abnormalities of facial features.

What factors affect a child during the mother’s pregnancy?

Maternal factors include maternal size, weight, weight for height, nutritional state, anemia, high environmental noise exposure, cigarette smoking, substance abuse, or uterine blood flow.

What are 4 environmental factors that can harm a fetus?

Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcome include smoking, video display terminals, anesthetic gases, antineoplastic drugs and exposure to lead, selenium and inorganic mercury.

What are environmental hazards?

Environmental hazards are defined as extreme events or substances in the Earth and its ecological system that may cause adverse consequences for humans and things they value. These include geophysical and meteorological phenomena such as earthquakes and droughts.

What are the risk to the baby if the mother suffers from chronic stress throughout the pregnancy?

High levels of stress that continue for a long time may cause health problems, like high blood pressure and heart disease. During pregnancy, stress can increase the chances of having a premature baby (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or a low-birthweight baby (weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

What factors can you identify that may be stressful during this pregnancy?

Emotional stresses, such as grief, such as a death in the family, past anxiety, depression or other mental illness, can cause more stress during pregnancy, as can drug and alcohol problems. If more than one of the above are happening to you at the same time, you could experience even more stress.

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What factors can affect the development & health of a baby before birth?

Prenatal risk factors include chronic maternal illness, certain maternal infections, toxin exposures and nutritional deficiencies. Risk factors in the perinatal period include pregnancy-related complications, prematurity and low birth weight, and infection exposure during pregnancy or at time of birth.

How do environmental factors affect pregnancy?

Environmental concerns when pregnant. Exposure to certain substances in the environment when you are pregnant may affect your pregnancy or the health of your baby. Toxic substances increase the risk for birth defects, low birth weight, prematurity and miscarriage.

What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?

What causes birth defects?

  • Genetics. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that prevents them from working properly. …
  • Chromosomal problems. …
  • Exposures to medicines, chemicals, or other toxic substances. …
  • Infections during pregnancy. …
  • Lack of certain nutrients.

Which is an example of an environmental influence on development?

Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …

What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?

Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.