What can you say about the biodiversity of this mountain region?

The diversity of mountain ecosystems is remarkable. Rich in endemic plant and animal species, they harbour one third of global terrestrial biodiversity. Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions.

How is biodiversity impacted by mountains?

Mountains support about one quarter of world’s terrestrial biodiversity and include nearly half of the world’s biodiversity ‘hotspots’. … Species endemism, in particular, often increases with altitude within mountain regions, partly due to the isolation of populations and speciation processes over geological time scales.

Why do mountains have more biodiversity?

Another part of the explanation of the high biodiversity of certain mountains is linked to the geological dynamics of mountain building. These geological processes, interacting with complex climate changes through time, provide ample opportunities for evolutionary processes to act.

Do mountains have biodiversity?

Mountain regions are unusually biodiverse, with rich aggregations of small-ranged species that form centers of endemism. Mountains play an array of roles for Earth’s biodiversity and affect neighboring lowlands through biotic interchange, changes in regional climate, and nutrient runoff.

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How would you describe the biodiversity of an area?

Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.

How can we say that mountain region is rich in biodiversity?

Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions. These factors have resulted in a high degree of genetic diversity in terms of crop and livestock species and their wild relatives.

What is diversity and biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What is the meaning of mountain biodiversity?

Many mountain ecosystems are host to higher species richness and levels of endemism than adjacent lowlands. Mountains at lower altitudes can support exceptional biodiversity, due to compression of a wide range of ecosystems into a relatively short distance.

What biodiversity means?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

Why is biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

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Why are mountains islands of biodiversity?

Uniquely heterogeneous mountain climates likely play a key role in generating and maintaining high diversity. … These geological processes, interacting with complex climate changes through time, provide ample opportunities for evolutionary processes to act.

Why hilly region is rich in biodiversity?

Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of Uttis, Katus and Chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like Sal, Simal, Peepal, Bar, Sallo, bamboo, etc. … Different sorts of animals and plants are found here due to topography and diverse climate.

Why do we need Mountains?

Mountains provide for the freshwater needs of more than half of humanity, and are, in effect, the water towers of the world. … Mountain ecosystems are important for biological diversity, particularly in the tropics and warmer temperate latitudes. Isolated mountain blocks are often rich in endemic species.