What is ecological importance of Western Ghat of India?

The Western Ghats perform important hydrological and watershed functions. Approximately 245 million people live in the peninsular Indian states that receive most of their water supply from rivers originating in the Western Ghats. Thus, the soil and water of this region sustain the livelihoods of millions of people.

What is the importance of conservation of Western Ghats?

Protecting the ecology Western Ghats is therefore of vital importance not only because it would save a large number of endemic species from extinction but also to protect and prevent the calamaities of the nature and magnitude like that of Kerala floods of 2018 and 2019 .

What are the ecological integrity of Western Ghats?

Over the past few decades, however, the ecological integrity of the Western Ghats has been subjected to sharp and sometimes savage attack. Unregulated logging, open-cast mining, large dams, and the diversion of land to real-estate barons have led to environmental degradation as well as social discontent.

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What is the importance of Western and Eastern Ghats?

Thal ghat and Bhor ghat are important passes that provide passage by road and rail between the Konkan Plains in the west and the Deccan Plateau in the east.

Why Western Ghats is considered as biodiversity hotspot?

Question : Why Western Ghats are considered as one of the biodiversity hotspots? … Because Western Ghats are the regions with very high level of species richness and high degree of endemism. Hotspots are also regions of accelerated habital loss.

What is the importance of Eastern Ghats?

The Eastern Ghats is spread across Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It plays important role in modulating climate, fostering biodiversity, providing sustenance and storing energy in trees. They play a significant role in the monsoon break of both North-East and South-West Monsoon.

Why Western Ghats are called ghats?

Ghats, two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges, respectively, of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. … In Hindi ghat means “river landing stairs” or “mountain pass” and has been extended in its Anglicized plural form (formerly ghauts) to include the mountains themselves.

Why Western Ghats have greater number of amphibians?

Species diversity is the variety in the number and richness of the species of a region. Western ghats have greater amphibian species diversity as compared to Eastern ghats. … Number of individuals of different species represent species evenness or species equitability.

What is the meaning of Western Ghats?

The Western Ghats, also called the Sahyadri, are a north-south chain of mountains or hills that mark the western edge of the Deccan plateau region.

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How many endemic plant species are found in Western Ghats?

The entire Western Ghats biogeographic region is a major genetic estate with an enormous biodiversity of ancient lineage. Nearly 5800 species of flowering plants occur here of which 56 genera and 2100 species are endemic.

Where is Western Ghats located in India?

A chain of mountains running parallel to India’s western coast, approximately 30-50 km inland, the Ghats traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.

What are Western Ghats Class 9?

Ghats refer to the stepped mountains with valleys in between them. … The western ghats are continuous chains of mountains and can be crossed through passes only. 1. The Eastern ghats are not continuous and are cut by rivers falling into the Bay of Bengal.

How are Western Ghats different from the Eastern Ghats?

→ Western Ghats are continuous Chain of hills starting from Tapti valley in the North to Kanyakumari in the South. … → Eastern Ghats are discontinuous chain of hills from Mahanadi River in north and Vaigai River in the south .

What is Western Ghats biodiversity?

The Western Ghats is also home to at least 325 globally threatened species. Of these 325 globally threatened species, there are about 229 plant species, 32 mammal species, 15 avian species, 43 amphibian species, 5 reptilian species, and 1 fish species.

Why Western Ghats are significant and considered as one of the eight hot spots of biological diversity in the world?

The Western Ghats are known for their high biodiversity and endemism as it is identified as one of the world’s eight hot hotspots of biological diversity. … A total of around 178 species of amphibians, 157 species of reptiles, 220 species of fishes and approximately 650 flora species are found in the Western Ghats.

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