Currently total solid waste generated in India is around 42 million tons annually. Waste generation varies from 200-600 kg/capita/day and collection efficiency ranges from 50-90%. Keywords: Incineration, Land filling, Solid Waste, Solid Waste Management.
What is the status of solid waste in India?
2.1. Municipal solid waste quantity and generation rate. In India, approximately 143,449 MT of MSW is being generated daily, out of which around 111,000 Metric tonnes collected, and about 35,602 Metric tonnes are treated (S. Kumar et al., 2017).
What are the current issues in solid waste management in India?
According to Dr Kumar, the major problems affecting solid waste management are unscientific treatment, improper collection of waste, and ethical problems. This in turn leads to hazards like environmental degradation, water pollution, soil pollution, and air pollution.
What is the present scenario of waste management in India?
Solid Waste collection efficiency in India is around 70% (Sharholy et al. 2007), while same is almost 100% in the developed countries. Even today, large portion of solid waste is dumped indiscriminately on outskirts of towns or cities without any prior treatment.
How is solid waste management done in India?
The key to efficient waste management is to ensure proper segregation of waste at source and to ensure that the waste goes through different streams of recycling and resource recovery. Then reduced final residue is then deposited scientifically in sanitary landfills.
What is the conclusion of Waste Management?
Waste management is an important issue that needs governmental action quickly. At present there is very little awareness exists regarding this issue in our society. The practices of bringing forth waste are too risky not only for today but they could be dangerous for our future generation.
What are examples of solid waste?
Examples of solid wastes include the following materials when discarded:
- waste tires.
- scrap metal.
- latex paints.
- furniture and toys.
- appliances and vehicles.
- oil and anti-freeze.
What is the problem of solid waste management?
In Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) of developing countries five typical problem areas can be identified: 1) inadequate service coverage, 2) operational inefficiencies of services, 3) limited utilization of recycling activities, 4) inadequate management of non industrial hazardous waste, and 5) inadequate …
What are the problems faced by solid waste?
There are many problems associated with solid wastes:
Solid wastes result in air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. 2. Solid wastes also cause many diseases as these wastes are breeding place for many vectors.
Which are the most relevant current challenges in solid waste management in developing countries?
Most developing countries face particular fundamental difficulties in relation to solid waste management, which has evolved into a number of issues with continuously increasing complexity due to limited resources and increasing quantities and hazardousness, limited or conflicting information to make reliable management …
Is solid waste disposal currently a problem for solid waste disposal?
Disposal of solid wastes is a stinging and widespread problem in both urban and rural areas in many developed and developing countries. Municipal solid waste (MSW) collection and disposal is one of the major problems of urban environment in most countries worldwide today.
What is the current quantity of waste generation in Bangalore city?
Approximately 5000 tons of waste is generated in Bengaluru city, out of which only 30% waste is collected by BBMP directly and the 70% of municipal solid waste is collected and transported through contractors. The solid waste is undergoing change in its composition.
How is waste managed currently at the source?
There are eight major categories of waste management, and each of them can be divided into numerous sub-categories. The categories include source reduction and reuse, animal feeding, recycling, composting, fermentation, landfills, incineration, and land application.
Why solid waste management is essential in India?
Waste management infrastructure has an important role in delivering sustainable development. Rapid population growth in India has led to depletion of natural resources. Wastes are potential resources and effective waste management with resource extraction is fundamental to effective SWM.
Where does the waste go in India?
India is getting buried in its own garbage as a huge quantity of solid waste generated daily is never picked up and poisons land, air and water. Of the total collected waste, only 20% (27,000 MT per day) is processed and the rest is dumped at landfill sites.
What is the importance of solid waste management?
Solid waste management is extremely important in your community mainly because it will prevent your household from experiencing the hazardous outcomes of solid waste material. By getting rid of most of these waste matter properly, you can actually protect your loved ones along with the environment.