Despite the various environmental issues faced, the country still has rich and varied wildlife. As of 2020-21, there are 981 protected areas including 104 National Parks, 566 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 97 Conservation Reserves and 214 Community Reserves.
Is India rich in wildlife?
India is home to the richest wildlife of wild animals. It is home of asiatic lions and bengal tiger. … India has many many many many national park and wildlife sanctuary to protect animals. There are many animals like one horn rhinos,crocodiles, lions, tigers, birdsany many other.
Is wildlife endangered in India?
Major wildlife crime in India includes poaching of tigers, rhinos and the sale of Star tortoises. Tigers are an endangered species, poached for their skin and bones to cater to an illegal market. … Apart from tigers, India is also witnessing a rise in wildlife crime against Rhinoceros.
What is India doing to conserve wildlife?
So far, the country’s wildlife is preserved in 120+ national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries, 26 wetlands, and 18 Bio-Reserves, out of which 10 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Evidently, this large biodiverse land needs protection, and inarguably conservation is a mandatory measure.
What is the status of biodiversity in India?
India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.
Which country is rich in wildlife?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why is India rich in flora and fauna?
The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains.
When did wildlife Protection Act passed in India?
The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Before 1972, India had only five designated national parks.
Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
|The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972|
|Enacted||9 September 1972|
|Status: In force|
How many tigers are left in India?
The Tiger is the national animal of India and it has been affected by wildlife trade, human wildlife conflict and habitat loss. The current population of tigers in the world is known to be at around 3,900 of which 3,000 are in India.
Why is wildlife in danger in India?
In almost all cases, the threats to wildlife can be traced to human activities. Today, with the population explosion, more and more land is being cleared for agriculture, habitation and other developmental projects. Habitat destruction is the main cause for wildlife extinction in India.
What is the importance of wildlife in India?
The importance of wildlife includes maintaining ecological balance, gene bank, plant propagation and other most importance of wildlife is to cleaning of environment etc. (a) Regulation of population of different species.
What has the government done to protect wildlife?
The steps include, The “Indian Wildlife Act” was initiated by the government in 1972 for wildlife protection. This act banned “hunting and poaching” of animals providing legal protection to wildlife. … Various projects were launched to conserve the wildlife like a tiger and one-horned rhino projects.
What are the efforts being made at present to preserve wildlife?
The following are the efforts made by the Indian Government for wildlife conservation: Project Tiger. Project Elephant. Sea turtle project.
What is the current status of biodiversity on Earth?
Genetic diversity has declined globally, particularly among domesticated species (C26. 2.1). In cultivated systems, since 1960 there has been a fundamental shift in the pattern of intra-species diversity in farmers’ fields and farming systems as a result of the Green Revolution.
Why India called mega diversity country?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Why India is known as mega diversity country?
India is called a mega diversity center because of the large number and the variety of organisms are found in this country. … These ecosystems are populated by organisms which are endemic to the Indian subcontinent such as the Asiatic lion, the Kashmir stag, the Black buck, etc.