Which factor has the most influence on Earth’s climate?
On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.
Which of the following factors control climates?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.
Is climate a variable?
Weather is the minute-by-minute variable condition of the atmosphere on a local scale. Climate is a conceptual description of an area’s average weather conditions and the extent to which those conditions vary over long time intervals.
How do elevation and latitude affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
What factors cause climate?
Human Versus Natural Causes
- Greenhouse Gases. …
- Reflectivity or Absorption of the Sun’s Energy. …
- Changes in the Earth’s Orbit and Rotation. …
- Variations in Solar Activity. …
- Changes in the Earth’s Reflectivity. …
- Volcanic Activity. …
- Changes in Naturally Occurring Carbon Dioxide Concentrations.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
Which of the following is not a climatic factor?
Longitude is not an important factor of climate of an area. The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.
What influences weather and climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What geological factors influence the climate and weather?
These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
What are some climate variables?
Climate entails the statistical characteristics of weather conditions in a given area. Climate zones are characterized by different combinations of climate variables, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind.
What’s a variable climate?
Climate variables are highly correlated with one another (e.g. mean annual temperature is necessarily correlated with the maximum and minimum temperatures), which means that estimation of any one parameter needs to be made while taking into account its co-variances with the other variables.
What variables are affected by climate change?
We chose to focus on six climate change variables that are most frequently included in experiments: temperature, precipitation, CO2, O3, photoperiod, and ultraviolet radiation.
Does altitude affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
What kind of climate does the Philippines have?
The Climate of the Philippines is tropical and maritime. It is characterized by relatively high temperature, high humidity and abundant rainfall.
How do mountains affect climate?
Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.