Why do regions of high geographic relief often have higher biodiversity than flat areas?

Why do regions of high geographic relief (spatial complexity) often also have higher biodiversity than flat areas? There are more places to hide. They are better for growing crops. They often comprise more than one type of habitat.

Why do some areas have higher biodiversity?

Unique Climates and Conditions

One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.

Why do certain parts of the world tend to have more biodiversity than other places?

Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth, like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. … Some areas in the world, such as areas of Mexico, South Africa, Brazil, the southwestern United States, and Madagascar, have more biodiversity than others.

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Which area has greater biodiversity and why?

#1: Brazil. Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

In which geographical area is biological diversity the greatest?

Most of the terrestrial diversity is found in tropical forests and in general, the land has more species than the ocean; some 8.7 million species may exist on Earth, of which some 2.1 million live in the ocean.

Is high biodiversity more advantageous than low biodiversity?

High biodiversity is advantageous over low biodiversity because ecosystems with high biodiversity are better able to remain at homeostasis and be…

Why is high biodiversity advantageous over low biodiversity?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

Why is species diversity greater in tropical regions?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why do those regions whether tropical desert or temperate that include high mountains tend to be most biologically diverse?

2.3-1. Why do those regions, whether tropical, desert, or temperate, that include high mountains tend to be the most biologically diverse? … Greater rainfall, higher average temperatures, and higher levels of biological activity all contribute to higher rates of nutrient depletion in tropical rain forest soils.

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How does high biodiversity affect an ecosystem?

Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.

Why is there greater biodiversity in subtropical tropical regions than in temperate regions?

“There is greater biodiversity in tropical/subtropical regions than in temperate region. … The tropical/subtropical region exhibit maximum biological diversity because these region remain undisturbed due to less variable climatic conditions. So, tropics has a longer evolutionary time for species diversification.

Why tropical regions are richer in biodiversity than the temperate regions?

It is generally seen that there is more biodiversity in the tropical region than the temperate region because of a variety of factors: … The tropical forest has a stable ecosystem as well as a suitable climatic condition and favorable reproductive environment for animal and species to thrive.

Which location would likely have the highest biodiversity?

Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.

Which region has greatest diversity?

Species diversity is greatest in the tropics, particularly in tropical forests and coral reefs. The Amazon basin in South America has the largest area of tropical forests.

Which ecosystem has high biodiversity?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.

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Which has highest biodiversity?

Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.