The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
Does the rainforest have high biodiversity?
Biodiversity: Tropical rainforests are areas of extremely high biodiversity compared to other ecosystems. … Biologists estimate that tropical rainforests contain about 50% of the world’s terrestrial plant and animal species, yet they encompass only about 6% of the world’s land area.
What is the main cause of diversity in the rainforest?
The hot and humid climate plays an important role in rainforest variety. As a general rule, diversity and ecosystem productivity increase with the amount of solar energy available to the system. … The humid climate adds another ingredient essential to rich diversity: water.
Which rainforest has more biodiversity and why?
The Amazon Rainforest and Biodiversity
As an ecosystem, the Amazon is one of the most biodiverse places on earth. Over 3 million species live in the rainforest, and over 2,500 tree species (or one-third of all tropical trees that exist on earth) help to create and sustain this vibrant ecosystem.
Why do tropical rainforests have high productivity and why do tropical rainforests have high biodiversity?
Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … Since there is a lot of sunlight, there is a lot of energy in the rainforest. This energy is stored in plant vegetation, which is eaten by animals. The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.
Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
What is biodiversity in the rainforest?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
What is high biodiversity?
High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
Why is biodiversity important to the Amazon rainforest?
Amazon biodiversity also plays a critical role as part of global systems, influencing the global carbon cycle and thus climate change, as well as hemispheric hydrological systems, serving as an important anchor for South American climate and rainfall.
Why do we see maximum biodiversity in the canopy of the Amazon rainforest?
The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species. The Canopy: the canopy structure of the rainforest provides an abundance of places for plants to grow and animals to live. The canopy offers sources of food, shelter, and hiding places, providing for interaction between different species.
How might high biodiversity help a coral reef?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. … A highly biodiverse ecosystem, one with many different species, is often more resilient to changing conditions and can better withstand significant disturbances.
Why is biodiversity so rich in tropical islands?
Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.
Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?
Both biomes have warm climates, but the desert is very dry, and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms, so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast, the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.