Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator. … Overall, global climate depends on the amount of energy received by the Sun and the amount of energy that is trapped in the system. These amounts are different for different planets.
Why does climate vary in many places?
The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.
Are climates different all around the world?
A region’s weather patterns, usually tracked for at least 30 years, are considered its climate. Different parts of the world have different climates. Some parts of the world are hot and rainy nearly every day.
What affects climate around the world?
The combination of oceanic and atmospheric circulation drives global climate by redistributing heat and moisture. … Global climate patterns are dynamic: They are continually changing in response to solar radiation, atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, and other climate forcing factors.
How does climate vary from place to place?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
What does climate change describe?
Climate change is the long-term alteration of temperature and typical weather patterns in a place. … The cause of current climate change is largely human activity, like burning fossil fuels, like natural gas, oil, and coal. Burning these materials releases what are called greenhouse gases into Earth’s atmosphere.
What are the different types of climate change?
The Short Answer:
How many climates are in the world?
The six major climate regions are polar, temperate, arid, tropical, Mediterranean and tundra.
What is causing climate change?
Human activity is the main cause of climate change. People burn fossil fuels and convert land from forests to agriculture. … Burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. It is called a greenhouse gas because it produces a “greenhouse effect”.
How does climate change affect the environment?
Climate change may aggravate erosion, decline in organic matter, salinization, soil biodiversity loss, landslides, desertification and flooding. The effect of climate change on soil carbon storage can be related to changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns.
What are 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …