The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
What are climate zones controlled by?
The Earth’s surface can be divided into three climatic zones based on rainfall and temperature controlled by atmospheric convection currents. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system further subdivides the Earth’s surface based on rainfall, temperature and seasonal patterns.
What is the main factor that controls climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.
What are the factors that affect climate zones?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What is the primary controller of worldwide climate and climate zones?
Prevailing winds and pressure belts are major climate controls. A belt of low pressure known as the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) lies along the Equator. On either side of the equatorial low, between 25° and 30° latitude in each hemisphere, is a belt of high-pressure centers over the oceans.
What causes the three climate zones?
Earth has three main climate zones because of seasonal change as it revolves around the sun.
What are the 3 main climate zones?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar. The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone, the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C.
What are climate controls?
Climate control is a more sophisticated form of air-conditioning, which allows the temperature of a cars interior to be accurately controlled. Users can set the required temperature and the system automatically adjusts the speed and amount of cold air introduced into the cabin.
What are the factors that control weather and climate?
The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation), water (moisture) and temperature.
What controls the weather and climate?
Weather and climate are controlled by the heat that is passed between the atmosphere, the air, and the ocean. By absorbing heat, the ocean helps to keep the weather balanced around the world.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What factor do you think greatly affects the climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.
What are climate zones?
A climate zone results from the climate conditions of an area: its temperature, humidity, amount and type of precipitation, and the season. A climate zone is reflected in a region’s natural vegetation. … The major factors that influence climate determine the different climate zones.
Which of the following climatic controls is the most important?
Latitude. Latitude is the most important climatic control, due to the effect it has on the amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.
Why does Earth have different climate zones?
Different parts of the Earth have different climates because of different amounts of heat received from the Sun. … Some climates have different seasons and there may be little or much variation in precipitation and temperature.