There are differences in climate around the world because of differing amounts of radiation received from the Sun at different parts of the Earth at different times of the year. More heat from the Sun is received near the equator than near the north and south poles where the angle of the Sun’s rays is lower.
How do climates differ around the world?
The climate of a region depends on many factors including the amount of sunlight it receives, its height above sea level, the shape of the land, and how close it is to oceans. Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator.
How do the tropical climates differ from each other?
a. Tropical climates can be Tropical wet or Tropical wet and dry. … Tropical wet and dry, on the other hand, has a rainy season in summer and a dry season in the winter. During the dry season temperatures are slightly cooler than during the wet season.
Why does climate vary from one place to another?
Climate varies from region to region. This variation is driven by the uneven distribution of solar heating, the individual responses of the atmosphere, oceans and land surface, the interactions be- tween these, and the physical characteristics of the regions.
How do the three climate zones differ?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar. … In tropical and polar climates, the weather is consistent throughout the year. In temperate zones, the weather is affected by both warm and cold air masses at different times during the year, so the weather changes with the seasons.
How is climate described?
In short, climate is the description of the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Some scientists define climate as the average weather for a particular region and time period, usually taken over 30-years. It’s really an average pattern of weather for a particular region.
What is climate short answer?
Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. A description of a climate includes information on, e.g. the average temperature in different seasons, rainfall, and sunshine. Also a description of the (chance of) extremes is often included.
What are the different types of climates?
There are approximately five main climate types on Earth:
What are the three tropical climates and how are they different from each other?
There are three basic types of tropical climates within the tropical climate group: tropical rainforest climate (Af), tropical monsoon climate (Am) and tropical wet and dry or savanna climate (Aw or As), which are classified and distinguished by the annual precipitation and the precipitation level of the driest month …
What are some ways in which tropical and dry climates differ?
Tropical climates are wet and warm, while dry climates receive little or no rain. 3. Temperate climates have the most seasonal change. Earth’s five major climate zones are identified by temperature, precipitation, and plant life.
What does climate change describe?
Climate change is the long-term alteration of temperature and typical weather patterns in a place. … The cause of current climate change is largely human activity, like burning fossil fuels, like natural gas, oil, and coal. Burning these materials releases what are called greenhouse gases into Earth’s atmosphere.
What do you mean by weather and climate distinguish between weather and climate?
Weather reflects short-term conditions of the atmosphere while climate is the average daily weather for an extended period of time at a certain location. … Weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. Climate, is the average of weather over time and space.
How would you describe the climate of a place?
The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time. Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography.
How are continental climates different from temperate climates?
The regions have fresh summers and wet winters with mild weather. A continental moderate climate is another sub-type of temperate climates. These regions have hot, rainy summers and cold, dry winters.
What are the main factors that determine climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.