How do environmental factors affect prenatal development?

During prenatal development, environmental factors can significantly affect the development of the child. Most everything the mother ingests, including food, liquid, and even medication, travels through the placenta to the fetus; anything the mother is exposed to in the environment affects the fetus.

How does the environment affect the baby’s development?

A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.

What factors can influence prenatal development?

The principal determinants of fetal growth are fetal genotype and in utero environment. Environmental factors include maternal and paternal genetics, maternal size, and the capacity of the placenta to provide nutrients to the fetus.

What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?

Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.

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What are some environmental factors that influence child development?

Contributory factors include material deprivation, poor parental health, low parental education, family stress, exposure to intimate partner violence, neighbourhood deprivation, and poor school environment.

What are some environmental factors that influence development?

Environmental factors that influence growth and development in humans include childhood housing arrangements, family income, educational opportunities, interpersonal relationships and employment-related factors, according to Best Start, Ontario’s Maternal Newborn and Early Child Development Resource Centre.

What is the role of prenatal environment in Behaviour?

First, an adverse prenatal environment can have detrimental effects on later behavioral and health outcomes. Second, the size of the effect of the prenatal environment is, in many cases, reduced when familial factors are taken into account.

What environmental factors cause birth defects?

A Sampling of Environmental Agents Studied in Relation to Birth Defects

Agent1,2 Birth Defect(s)
Organic solvents Neural tube, cardiac, limb defects; oral clefts; gastroschisis; developmental disorders
Organochlorine pesticides Cryptorchidism, hypospadias
Ozone Cardiac defects, cleft lip with or without cleft palate

What are environmental influences?

Internal and external environmental factors, like gender and temperature, influence gene expression. … Similarly, drugs, chemicals, temperature, and light are among the external environmental factors that can determine which genes are turned on and off, thereby influencing the way an organism develops and functions.

What are the 5 environmental factors?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.

How do environmental factors affect children’s behavior?

Children learn from their environment by imitating the social behavior of the people around, and what they see in their day to day environment influences their social behavior. … Living in an organized social environment increases the chances that a child will develop social relationships.

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