Quick Answer: What can we say about computer models in climate change research quizlet?

What can be said about using computer models in climate change research?

What can be said about using computer models in climate change research? Computer models can be used to forecast future climate change. … Global warming refers to an increase in Earth’s average temperature, while climate change encompasses a wide variety of changes in Earth’s climate.

Why are computer models useful for predicting climate change quizlet?

Why are computer models useful for predicting climate change? Computer models can analyze huge amounts of data on all of Earth’s major systems.

What factors influence the accuracy of computer models of climate quizlet?

Provide at least one example of each type of feedback mechanism. What factors influence the accuracy of computer models of climate? Population, economic growth, fossil fuel consumption, technological development, improvements in energy efficiency. Describe the factors that are causing sea level to rise.

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What are climate models quizlet?

A climate model is a mathematical representation of the physical processes that control climate. … Climate models allow one to not only verify the causes of global warming, but examine how climate will change in the coming decades.

Why do computer models study climate change?

Climate models use mathematical formulas run by computers to simulate the Earth’s climate. Such tools allow scientists to manipulate and thus better understand the physical, chemical, and biological processes that influence climate.

Why are computer models used instead of the real thing?

Computer models are cheaper to set up than alternative methods that could be used to predict what will happen in a system, eg building a prototype. Other benefits include being able to: repeat tests several times over.

What are some factors that influence the accuracy of computer models of climate?

Factors that would influence the accuracy of computer models in terms of predicting climate change would include: population, economic growth, fossil fuel consumption, technological development, improvements in energy efficiency. All of these would need to be considered to provide an accurate prediction.

What best describes a scientific model?

A scientific model is a physical and/or mathematical and/or conceptual representation of a system of ideas, events or processes. Scientists seek to identify and understand patterns in our world by drawing on their scientific knowledge to offer explanations that enable the patterns to be predicted.

What are proxy data and why are they necessary in the study of climate change quizlet?

Proxy data are indirect evidence of past climates taken from natural recorders of climate variability. These data are necessary because direct measurements of past climates are limited to the recent past.

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How does positive feedback affect climate change quizlet?

Positive-Feedback Mechanisms- changes that reinforce the initial change. Example: Warmer temperatures at high latitudes cause sea ice to melt. Ice is replaced by ocean, which absorbs more radiation than ice does does, which increases the temperature.

Which of the following factors are most important in determining the climate in a region?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What did researchers determine about the state of our sun that could affect climate change quizlet?

What did researchers determine about the state of our sun that could affect climate change? There is more radiation reaching Earth from the sun now than there was 200 million years ago. … There is more radiation reaching Earth from the sun now than there was 200 million years ago.

Which is a climate model?

A climate model is a computer simulation of the Earth’s climate system, including the atmosphere, ocean, land and ice. … By solving the relevant mathematical equations, the climate model is able to calculate how the state of the atmosphere and ocean evolves over time.

What climate models do they use to predict what might happen to climate in the future quizlet?

What information do they use to predict what might happen to climate in the future? … Climate Models Programs that combine what is known about the atmosphere and oceans to simulate, or imitate, climate processes are called climate models. Climate models use enormous amounts of data and complex mathematical equations.

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Why do climate models include the element of time?

More detailed models have more grid cells, so they need more computing power. Climate models also include the element of time, called a time step. … Like grid cell size, the smaller the time step, the more detailed the results will be. However, this higher temporal resolution requires additional computing power.