Four factors control the continental climate of Chicago: 1) the sun, 2) weather systems, 3) urban areas, and 4) Lake Michigan. … Solar energy is three to four times greater in early summer than in early winter at Chicago’s mid-latitude location; which results in warm summers and cold winters.
Why does Chicago have extreme weather?
Chicago’s latitude means that solar energy is up to four times greater in early summer compared to early winter. This increased solar energy makes summers hotter (and winters colder). Weather patterns result from the uneven heating of the earth.
Which effect of climate change is of most concern for Chicago?
As the city’s Chicago Climate Action Plan website says of climate change: “The most obvious change to come could be hotter summers and more frequent and intense heat waves. Hot days could feel even hotter because of higher humidity.
How has global warming affected Chicago?
Storms, worsened by climate change, are eroding Chicago’s lakeshore and filling our basements with sewage. Climate change has pushed Lake Michigan’s levels into “uncharted territory,” and Chicago broke rainfall records in 2018, 2019, and 2020. … The hottest summer ever recorded in Chicago was in 2020.
What is Chicago’s climate zone?
Chicago falls into zone 5, with a low average temperature of -20°F to -10°F. More often than not, you will find a label on plants indicating that the plant is “hardy up to zone x.” Additionally, websites often categorize plants by zone.
What is Lake Effect Chicago?
Chicago does get some lake-effect snow when winds blow in from the northeast, but typically the area receives lake-enhanced snowstorm totals from the organized northeast winds that accompany snow-producing low-pressure systems passing south of the city.
Does Chicago have 4 seasons?
All four seasons distinctly represented: Winters are cold and see frequent snow and near 0 °F (−18 °C) windchill temperatures, while summers are warm and humid with temperatures being hotter inland, spring and fall bring bouts of both cool and warm weather and fairly sunny skies.
How is climate change affecting Illinois?
Changing climate is likely to increase the frequency of floods in Illinois. Over the last half century, average annual precipitation in most of the Midwest has increased by 5 to 10 percent. … Flooding occasionally threatens both navigation and riverfront communities, and greater river flows could increase these threats.
Is Chicago sinking?
Chicago and parts of southern Lake Michigan are sinking approximately four (10 cm) to eight (20 cm) inches each century. More than 20,000 years ago, much of the Earth — including what is now Chicago — was submerged under enormous sheets of glacial ice.
Is Chicago good for climate change?
In the search for a big-city refuge from climate change, Chicago looks like an excellent option. At least, it does on a map. It stands a half-continent away from the threat of surging ocean levels. Its northern locale has protected it, to some extent, from southern heat waves.
Is Chicago getting warmer?
In terms of temperature, the annual average temperature has increased 1 1/2 degrees, from 49.9 degrees to 51.4 degrees. … Along with more snowfall, the average winter temperature for Chicago has increased 1.2 degrees. Summer is also hotter, with a bigger increase in average temperature than any other season.
How will climate change affect Chicago and the Midwest Here’s what the experts are telling us?
A report by a team of Midwestern researchers suggests extreme bouts of precipitation and flooding could be the new normal in the Great Lakes region due to climate change. The boosted precipitation is expected to exacerbate urban flooding and challenge aging infrastructure.
How will climate change affect Midwest?
As temperatures get hotter, the demand for air conditioning in the Midwest is expected to grow. … Climate change means the Midwest is vulnerable to more heat waves, more heavy downpours, and more floods.
What global winds affect Chicago?
The city of Chicago is located at 41 degrees of latitude, which places it (when considering the global circulation) in the heart of the westerlies, and frequently directly under the polar jet during the winter.
How bad are winters in Chicago?
Despite being known for cold (and windy, although that’s mostly due to the politicians) winters, Chicago doesn’t get a lot of snow compared to other places like Pennsylvania and upstate New York. … A lot of snow is a snowstorm. A lot of snow and a lot of wind is a blizzard.