An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity. Keywords: solid waste management, Rawalpindi City, environmental impacts, land pollution.
What are the effects improper waste disposal?
Soil, water and air pollution can all be a result of improper waste disposal and occurs when either of them becomes contaminated with hazardous materials. Not only does this contribute to the creation of a greenhouse gas effects but also causes significant harm to marine and wildlife.
What are the 5 types of waste disposal?
5 Types of Waste Disposal Methods
- Recycling. Recycling is one of the best methods of disposal simply because it goes a long way to preserve the environment. …
- Animal Feed. Your pet can be quite an effective waste disposal entity. …
- Biological Reprocessing. …
- Incineration. …
What is the effect of improper disposal of human excreta and sewage?
Improper excreta disposal causes soil pollution, water pollution, contamination of foods and propagation of flies. The resulting diseases are typhoid and paratyphoid fever, dysenteries, diarrheas, cholera, hookworm disease, viral hepatitis and similar other intestinal infections.
What are the effects of waste on human health?
The available scientific evidence on the waste-related health effects is not conclusive, but suggests the possible occurrence of serious adverse effects, including mortality, cancer, reproductive health, and milder effects affecting well-being.
What are the 6 methods of waste disposal?
Waste disposal methods
- Recycling. Incineration. …
- Other thermal treatment plants. Chemical-physical and biological treatment. …
- Chemical-physical and biological treatment. Landfills. …
- Landfills. Collection and logistics.
What are the six methods of waste disposal?
- wastewater-treatment plant. Wastewater-treament plants remove chemical or biological waste from water. …
- sanitary landfill. Bulldozer spreading a layer of refuse within a sanitary landfill. …
- hazardous-waste landfill. …
- electronic waste.
What are the causes of waste disposal?
Solid waste is the number one contributor of landfill waste disposal. Homes, schools, restaurants, public places, markets, offices and so on produce a great deal of rubbish, garbage and used materials. The bulk of these wastes eventually end up in the landfills.
What are the impacts of excreta disposal on environment?
Effects of excreta disposal on environmental health
It also makes our surroundings polluted. There is not proper latrines in rural areas as compared to urban areas. They use open space as field for defecation. It pollutes air, water and land.
What are the effects of hazardous waste?
These hazards impact emergency responders and effected communities. In some cases, hazardous substances may irritate the skin or eyes, make it difficult to breathe, cause headaches and nausea, or result in other types of illness.
What are the effects hazardous waste on the environment and human health?
They may cause damage during inadequate storage, transportation, treatment, or disposal operations. Improper hazardous-waste storage or disposal frequently contaminates surface water and groundwater supplies as harmful water pollution and can also be a source of dangerous land pollution.