What factors make up biodiversity?

The various factors that influence biodiversity include -temperature, altitude, precipitation, soils, and their relation with other species. For instance, ocean biodiversity is 25 times lesser than terrestrial diversity. Biodiversity also increases its form as it moves from the poles towards the tropics.

What are the 3 factors that make up biodiversity?

Biodiversity is usually explored at three levels – genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. These three levels work together to create the complexity of life on Earth.

What are the main factors of biodiversity?

8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!

  • Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
  • Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
  • Invasive Species: …
  • Pollution: …
  • Global Climate Change: …
  • Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
  • Species extinction:

What are the 4 components that make up biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.
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What are the 6 factors that affect biodiversity?

However, a lot of man-made activities impose huge impacts on biodiversity. Below, we discuss six of the major threats to biodiversity: climate change, habitat loss and degradation, pollution, invasive species, over-exploitation and epidemics.

What is biodiversity and its 3 types?

Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

How does the 3 components of biodiversity differ from each other?

Biodiversity occurs in three different levels: Genetic, Species, and Ecosystem. Genetic diversity refers to the differences within members of a species and their ability to adapt to changes. Species diversity refers to the total number of plant, animal, and insect species that can be found in a particular region.

What is diversity and biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What two factors influence the biodiversity of an island?

The Equilibrium Model of Island Biogeography (EMIB) states that, other things being equal, area and geographic isolation are the two main factors determining extinction and immigration rates, which in turn regulate the level of species richness that is reached at a dynamic equilibrium [1], [2].

What are the 5 major causes of biodiversity loss?

Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming.

What are examples of biodiversity?

Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.

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