Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. This is due to the curved surface of the earth.
What happens to the climate as you get farther and farther from the equator?
Distance from the equator
At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.
What happens if your further away from the equator?
The hottest temperatures on Earth are found near the equator. … As you move further away from the equator towards the poles, less sun is received during the year and the temperature becomes colder.
What is the climate like further from the equator?
Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. … Temperate climates are usually found in the mid-latitudes, about half way between the equator and poles.
What happens to climate zones when you get close to the equator?
Warmer ones are closer to the equator where the Sun’s heat is stronger. … Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.
Why does climate change with distance from the equator?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
How does factor affect climate?
The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.
What happens as we move away from the equator towards the poles?
The length of latitude slowly decreases towards the poles due to the rotation of the earth because as the earth rotates a centrifugal force is generated which causes change in its shape that makes it oblate spheroid.
Can you stand on the equator?
Visiting the Equator at Zero Latitude
The word ‘ecuador’ means ‘equator’ in Spanish – the invisible line of zero latitude passing through this small Andean country. The Middle of the World (Mitad del Mundo) where you can stand with one foot in the northern hemisphere and one foot in the southern hemisphere.
Can you live on the equator?
The equator itself crosses the land or territorial waters of 14 countries. If you live on the equator you will experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world, taking a matter of minutes. … While temperatures at the equator are very high, there is one single point on the equator where you’ll find snow.
What happens to the air at the equator?
Air rises at the equator, leading to low pressure and rainfall. When the air reaches the edge of the atmosphere, it cannot go any further and so it travels to the north and south. The air becomes colder and denser, and falls, creating high pressure and dry conditions at around 30° north and south of the equator.
Why is it hotter near the equator?
Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator. … Because the sun is always directly overhead at the equator.
What climate zone is near the equator?
The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone, the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C.
How does the climate vary from place to place in each of the climatic zones?
The climate of a region depends on many factors including the amount of sunlight it receives, its height above sea level, the shape of the land, and how close it is to oceans. Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator.
How will climate change affect growing zones?
As temperatures rise and habitats shift due to human-caused climate change, these planting zones are shifting north. Compared to a 1951-1980 baseline, the average coldest temperatures of 1989-2018 are more than 3°F warmer for the average city. … Find your USDA hardiness zone by zip code.