Because of its focus on the higher levels of the organization of life on earth and on the interrelations between organisms and their environment, ecology draws heavily on many other branches of science, especially geology and geography, meteorology, pedology, chemistry, and physics.
More Than Biology
Rather than looking at individual organisms, ecology explains how organisms interacting together affects their abundance. … Because it also includes non-living aspects of the environment, it relies on non-biological sciences like meteorology, geography and chemistry.
Ecology considers organisms at the individual, population, community, ecosystems, and biosphere level. Ecology overlaps with the closely related sciences of biogeography, evolutionary biology, genetics, ethology and natural history.
Why do we need to consider to other disciplines in studying and understanding ecology?
Why is ecology important? Ecology enriches our world and is crucial for human wellbeing and prosperity. It provides new knowledge of the interdependence between people and nature that is vital for food production, maintaining clean air and water, and sustaining biodiversity in a changing climate.
Physics has long contributed to ecological studies. If we only focus on ecosystems, which are central objects in ecology, physical approaches are one of the main ways to understand and possibly manage ecosystems. We are surrounded by ecosystems, which depend on us, just as we depend on them.
Thus, ecology in the social sciences is the study of the ways in which the social structure adapts to the quality of natural resources and to the existence of other human groups. When this study is limited to the development and variation of cultural properties, it is called cultural ecology.
What is environmental ecology?
Environmental Ecology is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment. Objects of study include interactions of organisms with each other and with abiotic components of their environment.
What is the simple definition of ecology?
Our definition of ecology
The scientific study of the processes influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interactions among organisms, and the interactions between organisms and the transformation and flux of energy and matter.
What does ecologist mean?
An ecologist is a scientist who studies how animals and plants interact with their environment. … Ecology is a word that comes from the Greek oikos, meaning “house.” Basically, ecologists study the environment like it’s a big house, and all the living creatures in it are roommates.
As such, ecology is considered something of a holistic and synthetic science, drawing on population and evolutionary biology, soil science, hydrology, earth systems, oceanography, chemistry, conservation biology and other sciences in attempting to understand how individual organisms and populations interact with other …
Biological control is the suppression of populations of pests and weeds by living organisms. These organisms can provide important protection from invasive species and protect our environment by reducing the need for pesticides.
Chemical ecology examines the role of chemical interactions between living organisms and their environment, as the consequences of those interactions on the ethology and evolution of the organisms involved. It is thus a vast and highly interdisciplinary field.
What is physiology ecology?
Physiological ecology is the study of these and other questions about the short and long-term behavioral and physiological adjustments organisms make in order to survive and reproduce successfully in their ever-changing environments. … Water availability is another major focus in physiological ecology.
What is physical ecosystem?
The physical environment is the physical and chemical make-up of an ecosystem. It includes the climate, rainfall, winds, soil, obtainable nutrients, etc., within the ecosystem. The physical environment affects the organisms that live in particular ecosystems. Physical environment affects organisms.