What is hazardous waste Upsc?

Hazardous wastes are those that may contain toxic substances generated from industrial, hospital, some types of household wastes. These wastes could be corrosive, inflammable, explosive, or react when exposed to other materials.

What is meant by hazardous waste?

Hazardous waste is a waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may, owing to the inherent physical, chemical or toxicological properties of that waste, have a detrimental impact on health or the environment.

What is hazardous waste India?

Hazardous waste means any waste, which by reason of characteristics, such as physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive, causes danger to health, or environment.

What are the 7 types of hazardous waste?

They can be divided into seven groups depending on the type of manufacturing or industrial operation that creates them:

  • Spent solvent wastes,
  • Electroplating and other metal finishing wastes,
  • Dioxin-bearing wastes,
  • Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons production,
  • Wood preserving wastes,

What are the 4 types of hazardous waste?

When left inappropriately treated or managed, these wastes can have very harmful effects on the environment. That is why it is necessary to understand the main classification categories of each. The four identifiable classifications are listed wastes, characteristic wastes, universal wastes and mixed wastes.

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What is the most hazardous waste?

The most dangerous hazardous waste is the waste created by nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons facilities. Although industry creates a large amount of hazardous waste in the United States and other industrial countries, this waste is highly regulated and controlled.

What are examples of hazardous waste?

Common Examples of Hazardous Waste. Many pesticides, herbicides, paints, industrial solvents, fluorescent light bulbs and mercury-containing batteries are classified as hazardous wastes. So are medical waste products such as cultures, human tissue, contaminated gloves, sharps and so forth.

What is hazardous waste in environmental law?

As per Section 2(e) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986 “Hazardous Substance” has been characterized as “an element or preparation which, by reason of its synthetic or physic-synthetic properties or managing, is a danger to cause harm to individuals, other existing animals, flora, microorganisms, other belongings …

Is Thermocol hazardous waste?

“Thermocol has no recyclable economic value. … Burning thermocol is extremely dangerous as it releases toxic gases including carbon monoxide and styrene vapours. According to the site healthfully.com, “Polystyrene, also known as Styrofoam, poses a great danger to landfills.

What are the 3 hazardous waste categories?

The EPA defines three types of hazardous waste: listed, characteristic, and mixed radiological waste. Each of these categories has subcategories that can become very precise, but the basics are as follows.

What is hazardous waste and its types?

Hazardous wastes are classified on the basis of their biological, chemical, and physical properties. These properties generate materials that are either toxic, reactive, ignitable, corrosive, infectious, or radioactive. Toxic wastes are poisons, even in very small or trace amounts.

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Why is hazardous waste hazardous?

When categorizing hazardous waste, the EPA breaks it down by four characteristics: ignitability, or something flammable. corrosivity, or something that can rust or decompose. reactivity, or something explosive.

What is domestic hazardous waste?

Domestic hazardous waste is defined under the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, to include items such as discarded cans of paint and pesticide; sanitary waste such as disposable diaper and sanitary pads; items of biomedical waste such as expired or discarded medicines, broken mercury thermometers, used needles and …