What role does water play in climate control?

This huge mass of water affects the climate by absorbing solar energy and releasing heat. … Warm water masses carry surface heat accumulated in the tropics towards the poles, thus reducing latitudinal temperature differences. The Gulf Stream, for example, has this role.

What is the role of water in controlling climate?

Water has high specific heat capacity. It gets heated up and cooled down slowly. This differen- tial heating followed by cooling of land and water sets up the convection currents, like sea breeze and land breeze. …

How does water contribute to climate change?

Increasing water vapor leads to warmer temperatures, which causes more water vapor to be absorbed into the air. Warming and water absorption increase in a spiraling cycle.

How does water waste affect the environment?

Reason #2: Water treatment consumes significant energy.

Wastewater, too, requires processing. For the most part, these processes are made possible only by burning fossil fuels. This means wasting water also impacts carbon footprint and air quality, and needlessly depletes our shrinking fossil fuel resources.

How can water pollution can be controlled?

Don’t throw paints, oils or other forms of litter down the drain. Use environmentally household products, such as washing powder, household cleaning agents and toiletries. Take great care not to overuse pesticides and fertilisers. This will prevent runoffs of the material into nearby water sources.

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What are the 5 effects of water pollution?

EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION

  • Destruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes — eutrophication —.
  • Contamination of the food chain. …
  • Lack of potable water. …
  • Disease. …
  • Infant mortality.

What are the top 3 causes of water pollution?

The Causes of Water Pollution

  1. Industrial Waste. Industries and industrial sites across the world are a major contributor to water pollution. …
  2. Marine Dumping. …
  3. Sewage and Wastewater. …
  4. Oil Leaks and Spills. …
  5. Agriculture. …
  6. Global Warming. …
  7. Radioactive Waste.