What should we do to protect our marine biodiversity?

Why is it important to protect marine biodiversity?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.

Why do we need to protect marine life?

The marine environment is a vital resource for life on Earth. Marine eco- systems perform a number of key environmental functions — they regulate the climate, prevent erosion, accumulate and distribute solar energy, absorb carbon dioxide, and maintain biological control.

How can we protect aquatic ecosystems?

Maintain and restore the physical integrity of the aquatic system, including shorelines, banks, and bottom configurations. Maintain and preserve water quality necessary to support healthy riparian, aquatic, and wetland ecosystems.

What do marine protected areas do?

MPAs conserve biodiversity, enhance resilience, enhance fisheries, and act as an insurance policy if other types of fisheries management do not work. They protect and restore endangered species and ecosystems. They are sites for education and research.

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Why do we need to conserve protect and manage our marine mammals?

Oceans are an essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem — a source of biodiversity, food, and life. According to FAO, over 40 percent of the world’s population lives within 100 kilometers of the coast. Better management of the ocean resources is thus crucial to ensuring global food security.

What is marine biodiversity conservation?

Marine conservation, also known as ocean conservation, is the protection and preservation of ecosystems in oceans and seas through planned management in order to prevent the over-exploitation of these resources.

Who is responsible for marine environment protection?

Article 5. The environmental protection department under the State Council shall be in charge of the marine environmental protection of the whole country.

How can we protect the habitat of sea invertebrates?

Six Ocean-Friendly Habits to Help Protect Marine Life

  1. Pick Up Trash, and Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, and Recycle Plastic. …
  2. Conserve Water. …
  3. Use Environmentally-Friendly Products. …
  4. Know Where Your Food Comes From. …
  5. Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner. …
  6. Get Involved, Go Outside!

How can I help marine protected areas?

What You Can Do

  1. Support Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) …
  2. Eat Sustainable Seafood. …
  3. Use Less Plastic. …
  4. Respect Ocean Wildlife and Habitats. …
  5. Reduce Your Energy Use. …
  6. Dispose of Household & Hazardous Materials Properly. …
  7. Use Less Fertilizer. …
  8. Learn All That You Can.

How can we protect coastal and marine areas?

10 ways you can help protect oceans

  1. Reduce your plastic consumption. …
  2. Make informed seafood choices. …
  3. Dispose of chemicals properly. …
  4. Choose environmentally-friendly detergents and household cleaners—or make your own! …
  5. Do background research on beach-holiday retreats. …
  6. Find out the source of your food.
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How do marine protected areas help coral reefs?

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a critical management tool to support reef resilience by addressing local threats. … Manage overfishing (e.g., herbivores) Control threats such as sedimentation and pollution, thus helping to support coral health and making corals better able to cope with climate change impacts.