Compared to those in developed nations, residents in developing countries, especially the urban poor, are more severely impacted by unsustainably managed waste. In low-income countries, over 90% of waste is often disposed in unregulated dumps or openly burned.
Who does solid waste affect?
Direct handling of solid waste can result in various types of infectious and chronic diseases with the waste workers and the rag pickers being the most vulnerable. Exposure to hazardous waste can affect human health, children being more vulnerable to these pollutants.
What are the effects of solid waste?
Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.
How does solid waste affect the environment?
Solid waste damps are seriously spoiling the environmental conditions in developing countries. … An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
What are the factors affecting solid waste management?
Following are the factors affecting solid waste management system, its design, development, and operation:
- Institutional Factors.
- Social Factors.
- Financial Factors.
- Economic Factors.
- Technical Factors.
- Environmental Factors.
How our waste is affecting poor countries?
Many developing countries have problems disposing of wastes. … The result in many cases is that garbage in developing countries tends to pile up in waterways and on land, creating serious health and environmental hazards. This problem of waste management is especially acute in countries with rapidly growing urban areas.
How does human waste affect the environment?
The hard truth is that human waste has an impact on the world at large — not only on people, but on all living things. Plastics discarded into the environment perpetually leach toxic chemicals into the land and sea, and in the short term, our garbage can maim, strangle, and kill marine animals.
What are effects of untreated solid waste?
Burns and other injuries resulting from occupational accidents at waste disposal sites or from methane gas explosion at landfill sites. Certain chemicals if released untreated, e.g. cyanides, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls are highly toxic and exposure can lead to disease or death.
How does solid waste affect water?
Solid waste impacts water quality through the release of leachate from landfills into water sources. As water comes in contact with decomposing solid waste, it will dissolve together with soluble inorganic and organic wastes producing polluted liquid known as leachate or waste juice.
Who are the stakeholders in waste management?
Stakeholders are people and organisations having an interest in good waste management, and participating in activities that make that possible. They include enterprises, organisations, households and all others who are engaged in some waste management activity.
What is the effect of municipal solid waste to people’s health?
The available scientific evidence on the waste-related health effects is not conclusive, but suggests the possible occurrence of serious adverse effects, including mortality, cancer, reproductive health, and milder effects affecting well-being.
How does solid waste affect biodiversity?
Increased wastage of food can lead to increased numbers of one, which can then put the second in the chain out of balance. The systems in the chain are sensitive, and even the smallest changes can have a ripple effect on an ecosystem, reducing its biodiversity.
What is factor affecting solid waste generation?
Explain factors affecting the generation rate of solid waste. Population growth, rural and urban development, lifestyle changes and the consequent change in household consumption patterns have created problems in modern societies.
What are the factors affecting waste?
Research on factors that affect the rate of waste generation has been carried out by several researchers, the results of the study show that household waste generation is significantly influenced by household size, income, environmental concern, and willingness to separate waste .
What is the most expensive component of solid waste handling?
The incinerator industry admits that incineration is more expensive than landfilling.