What is the importance of coastal ecosystem?
Coastal zone in India assumes its importance because of high productivity of its ecosystems, concentration of population, exploitation of renewable and non-renewable natural resources, discharge of waste effluent and municipal sewage, development of various industries and spurt in recreational activities.
What are the benefits of coastal areas?
Coastal Regions: Benefits and Challenges
Coastal areas help prevent erosion; filter pollutants; and provide food, shelter, breeding areas, and nursery grounds for a wide variety of organisms.
What is a coastal ecosystem?
The coastal ecosystems occur where the land meets the sea and that includes a diverse set of habitat types like the mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds, estuaries and lagoons, backwaters etc. … The quality of the ecosystem services depends on the resilience of the ecosystems.
Why is coastal sustainable development important?
The main positive economic impacts of sustainable (coastal) tourism are: contributions to government revenues, foreign exchange earnings, generation of employment and business opportunities.
Why is it important to protect coastal habitats?
Coastal habitats—areas both along and close to marine shorelines—are vital ecosystems. … Conserving these habitats is vital for protecting shorelines, feeding and sheltering marine life, and lessening the effects of climate change, an effort that must also include reducing global carbon emissions.
Why are coastal areas important for humans?
Coastal waters support a wide range of human activities such as tourism, recreation, transportation, and fisheries. Lands on the coast are highly desirable places for people to live.
How does coastal development affect the environment?
Coastal development can cause chronic sedimentation, sewage effluent, industrial discharge, changes waterflow and run off which can harmfully affect coral growth rates and metabolic activities as well as directly kill corals. The damage doesn’t end with the construction of tourist infrastructure.
Why is the coast attractive to human development?
Coasts are important for many different reasons and for different groups of people. They provide: places to work, eg fishing, ports and power stations. places to relax – leisure and tourism industries.