Public participation has been an important element in environmental decision-making for several decades. … It helps to produce more accurate results that better suit the needs of the community and economy, and that better manage the environment and natural resources.
Why public participation is necessary?
The main aim of public participation is to encourage the public to have meaningful input into the decision-making process. Public participation thus provides the opportunity for communication between agencies making decisions and the public. … Public participation can be time-consuming and sometimes expensive.
Why public participation is important in environmental impact assessment?
Involvement of the public is one of the fundamental principles of a successful EIA process. It not only provides an opportunity to those directly affected by a project to express their views on the environmental and social impacts of the proposal but also brings about transparency in the environmental clearance system.
What is the role of public participation in environmental decision-making process?
Governments cannot reach environmental protection goals alone – they need support and guidance from the public. Increased public participation builds a more engaged citizenry, increases the legitimacy of decisions, and helps ensure that policy-makers have valuable local knowledge.
What is the role of public participation and awareness in protecting environment?
Public environmental awareness is a primary concern of the future of humanity. … Public awareness encouragement is essential for ensuring effective environment improvement and Protection . Protecting our environment is the most important section of implementing a sustainable development strategy.
What is public participation in environmental decision-making?
Public participation can be defined as a continuous, two way communication process which involves promoting full public understanding of the processes and mechanisms through which environmental problems and needs are investigated and solved by responsible agencies; keeping the public fully informed about the progress …
Why is public participation important in decision-making?
Public participation promotes sustainable decisions by recognizing and communicating the needs and interests of all participants, including decision makers. Public participation seeks out and facilitates the involvement of those potentially affected by or interested in a decision.
How does public participation help in sustainable development?
The purposes of public participation are to promote transparency, encourage openness in government, and build ownership of development decisions as well as programmes and projects. Public participation encourages citizens to be more engaged in the decision-making processes that have an impact on their local community.
How does public participation affect government?
The underlying assumption by political theorists, social commentators, and even politicians is that public participation increase public trust in authorities, improving citizen political efficacy, enhancing democratic ideals and even improving the quality of policy decisions.
What are the benefits of EIA?
The Benefits of Environmental Assessment
- Reduced cost and time of project implementation.
- Cost-saving modifications in project design.
- Increased project acceptance.
- Avoided impacts and violations of laws and regulations.
- Improved project performance.
- Avoided treatment/clean up costs.
What is meant by public participation?
Public participation can be any process that directly engages the public in decision-making and gives full consideration to public input in making that decision. … Rather, the public consists of a range of stakeholders holding an array of views and concerns on an issue.
Why do you think public participation is very important in the context of Nepal?
Public Participation in Development Activities
In Nepal, the urban area is more developed than the rural area. So, the people of urban area have more comfort than the people of rural area. Development works is not possible without proper cooperation of the public and the government.