Why is Sikkim considered as a biodiversity hotspot?

Today, due to human-induced threats and stresses on its unique biodiversity, Sikkim has become a ‘Biodiversity Hot Spot’ with as many as 5,500 flowering plants species only found within this 7,096 km2 geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996. Verma.

Why is Sikkim rich in biodiversity?

Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species. Sikkim also has 28 Mountains/Peaks, more than 80 Glaciers, 227 high altitude lakes/wetlands and over 104 rivers and streams. Nature has been particularly generous in her gift of sylvan treasures to the state of Sikkim.

How is biodiversity being affected in Sikkim?

Sikkim is no exception and continues to still show up new or rarely-seen species. … Global warming is causing a shift in the location of species in the Himalayas. Researchers in Sikkim reported sighting the ‘small woodbrown butterfly’ in Khanchendzonga National Park, last seen 120 years ago.

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What is Sikkim biodiversity?

Covering just 0.22% of the geographical area of India, Sikkim shows great biological diversity. The vast altitudinal variation of elevations from around 300 m to 8598 m within very short distances is responsible for the varied ecoregions of the State.

What is considered biodiversity hotspot?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

How many biodiversity parks are there in Sikkim?

There are 8 protected areas in Sikkim viz., Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kitam Bird Sanctuary and Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary covering 46.93% of the total …

What is diversity and biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

How people of Sikkim contribute in conservation of natural resources?

The Department of Forest, Environment and Wildlife Management (DFEWM) of the Government of Sikkim launched a ten-year initiative in collaboration with JICA through the Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management to strengthen the management of natural resources and alleviate poverty in Sikkim through …

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What is importance biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What is the old name of Sikkim?

The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: ‘bras ljongs), which means “valley of rice”, while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means ‘”the hidden valley of rice”.

What is Sikkim flora?

The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. In the temperate zone, the flora consist of Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Birch, Alder, Magnolia and Silver Fir. … There are about 35 species of Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of 10,000 feet.

What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?

Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.

Which of the countries is known for biodiversity hotspot?

#1: Brazil

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What is biodiversity hotspot in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

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Why are hotspots seen as being so critical to global biodiversity?

Why are hotspots seen as being so critical to global biodiversity? because an exceptional percentage of earth’s plant and animal species live in these locations. because the plants and animal species that live in these places cannot be found nowhere else in the world. Q.