The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
Why tropical rainforest has maximum biodiversity?
Both the plant and animal biodiversity produce a wide array of food as well as fabrics. Complete Answer: Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option.
What is special about the biodiversity in tropical rainforests?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
Why is diversity so high in tropics?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Why is biodiversity so important anyway?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
Why does the tropical rainforest have the greatest biodiversity of any type of land ecosystem?
Tropical rain forests have the greatest biodiversity of any type of land ecosystem. … The presence of a variety of herbivore species that can feed on a large number of different producer species helps ensure abundant prey for predators in the ecosystem.
Why does a rainforest allow for specialized niches?
The reason for this occurrence is that the majority of rainforest species are scarce over the range of the forest and may be common in only a few small areas where they are particularly well adapted. … The reason for this pattern is that many species are highly specialized to fit a particular niche.
Why is biodiversity so rich in tropical islands?
Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.
What is tropical biodiversity?
Biodiversity is defined as the variety of all forms of life, from genes to species, through to the broad scale of ecosystems. … The tropics represent a remarkable biodiversity, including plants, birds, insects like especially ants, beetles, butterflies and termites; amphibians, mammals, and other organism groups.
Why species diversity is high in equatorial regions?
A new study led by Oxford Earth Sciences’ Associate Professor Erin Saupe suggests that higher species diversity in equatorial regions may be caused by higher rates of speciation (the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution), driven by changes in precipitation across space and through time.
Why is biodiversity important 3 reasons?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
Why is biodiversity important 5 Reasons?
Biodiversity Protects Us. Biodiversity makes the earth habitable. Biodiverse ecosystems provide nature-based solutions that buffer us from natural disasters such as floods and storms, filter our water and regenerate our soils. … Protecting and restoring natural ecosystems is vital to fighting climate change.
What is biodiversity and why does it matter?
The biodiversity of plants, animals and other living things greatly impacts a habitat’s ability to thrive. Typically, the more variety found in the habitat, the better productivity within that habitat, or ecosystem. And thriving ecosystems are very important to us as humans.