Water vapor and clouds are the major contributors to Earth’s greenhouse effect, but a new atmosphere-ocean climate modeling study shows that the planet’s temperature ultimately depends on the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide.
What factors control Earth’s climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
What are the controls of climate?
The various controls of climate include latitude, land and water distribution, prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure, ocean currents, altitude, topography, clouds, and cyclonic activity.
What are the 3 main factors that affect climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are the 4 climatic controls?
The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features.
What are the controls of climate and weather?
Weather and climate are controlled by the heat that is passed between the atmosphere, the air, and the ocean. By absorbing heat, the ocean helps to keep the weather balanced around the world.
What are the 5 controls of temperature?
The controls of temperature are:
- Latitude (angle of Sun) – Chapter 2.
- Differential heating of land and water (they heat up/cool down differently)
- Ocean Currents.
- Geographic position.
- Cloud cover & albedo.
Which factor has the most influence on Earth’s climate?
On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.
Is the controlling factors of weather and climate?
These factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
What are the 4 factors that cause climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time.