It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
Which is biodiversity hotspot in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Which is the most prevalent biodiversity hotspots of India?
the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.
Is one of the biodiversity hotspot in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
What is the most important biodiversity hotspot?
The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region.
What is the most famous hotspot?
Although Hawaii is perhaps the best known hotspot, others are thought to exist beneath the oceans and continents. More than a hundred hotspots beneath the Earth’s crust have been active during the past 10 million years.
What are the 36 biodiversity hotspot?
List of 36 Biodiversity Hotspots
- North and Central America. These continents play host to thousands and thousands of acres of important habitats. …
- South America. …
- Central Asia.
- Africa. …
- Cerrado, Brazil. …
- Himalayas. …
- Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean. …
- Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.
Which is the hotspot of southern India?
The Freedom Fund’s hotspot in Tamil Nadu, southern India, aims to reduce bonded labour and exploitation in textiles, especially affecting girls, young women and migrant workers in spinning mills. This hotspot is made possible through funding from Laudes Foundation and UBS Optimus Foundation.
Which one is the hotspot of biodiversity?
They are western ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Himalayas. Note that even the biodiversity hotspots cover less than two percent of the world’s total land area, by protecting these regions we can decrease the rate of species extinctions by 30%.
Is Himalayas a biodiversity hotspot?
Eastern Himalayas form a part of the Himalayan global biodiversity hotspot. This region is exceptionally rich in diversity and endemism. It comprises of parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and extends up to Burma.
How many hotspots are there in India 2021?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.
What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?
An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.
Which state in India has maximum biodiversity?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.
How many biodiversity hotspots are in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Where is most of the world’s biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Where are the most critical biodiversity hotspots located?
A species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosystem. Where are many critical biodiversity hotspots located? Island, coastal areas, and tropical rain forests.