Northeast India has a subtropical climate that is influenced by its relief and influences from the southwest and northeast monsoons. The Himalayas to the north, the Meghalaya plateau to the south and the hills of Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur to the east influences the climate.
What are the factors that affect the climate of India?
Factors Influencing Indian Climate
- Latitudinal location.
- Distance from the Sea.
- The Himalayas.
- Monsoon Winds.
- Upper Air Circulation.
- El Nino and La Nina.
- Tropical Cyclones and Western Disturbances.
What effect does climate have on the northeast?
Climate change is affecting agricultural production in the Northeast. Heavy precipitation events can damage crops and wetter springs may delay planting, resulting in later harvest and reduced yields. Longer, drier summers may reduce water availability and increase plant heat stress, also reducing yields.
What are the 5 factors affecting climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are the factors affecting the climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What is the climate of the Northeast?
The Northeast is characterized by a fairly diverse climate, with bitterly cold winters (that often bring extreme weather in the form of ice storms and snowstorms) and semi-humid summers, especially to the south. Average temperatures during winter often dip well below 0 degrees Fahrenheit.
What is the climate of North East India?
Northeast India (at the confluence of Indo-Malayan, Indo-Chinese, and Indian biogeographical realms) has a predominantly humid sub-tropical climate with hot, humid summers, severe monsoons, and mild winters.
What is the climate in the Northeast region?
In North East, the summers are warm, humid, and wet; the winters are very cold and snowy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 26°F to 85°F and is rarely below 14°F or above 93°F.
What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
What are the major factors affecting India’s climate explain with examples?
Pressure and Winds
The following atmospheric conditions govern the associated weather and climate conditions in India. They are Tropical cyclones and Western Cyclonic disturbances, Upper Air Circulation, Pressure and Surface winds. North easterly winds are found in the region where India is located.
What are the factors affecting the climate of India Class 9?
Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India
- Latitude. …
- Altitude. …
- Pressure and Winds. …
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
- Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
- Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …
What are the 4 factors that affect climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.