Frequent question: Why is Philippines rich in marine biodiversity?

The Philippines is located in a region called the Coral Triangle; an area of exceptional importance as it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. Within this region, the Philippines is also known as the center of this center. The marine resources are made up of coral reefs, seagrass beds, …

Why Philippines is the center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

Why are the Philippine seas so rich in biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

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What is the importance of marine life in the Philippines?

Almost a million square miles of sea make up the country’s surrounding waters, with a major part lying in the Coral Triangle, an area that contains the world’s highest coral diversity. … Philippine sea life gives divers great opportunities to spot many amazing sea creatures.

Which country is the center of marine biodiversity?

A team of marine conservationists declared in 2006 that the Philippines is the Center of Marine Biodiversity in the world and Verde Island Passage as the “Center of the Center of Marine Shorefish Biodiversity”.

Is the Philippines rich in marine resources?

The Philippines is part of the coral triangle and area with more species of fish and corals than any other marine environment on earth. Tropical reefs are the richest marine ecosystems on earth and those found in the Philippines boast a diversity of life and colour that is unparalleled.

Is Philippines center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines is located in a region called the Coral Triangle; an area of exceptional importance as it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. Within this region, the Philippines is also known as the center of this center.

How does the Philippines benefit from being part of the Coral Triangle?

The Philippines share with Indonesia the most fertile part of Coral Triangle: the heart at the heart of the world’s marine riches. The islands are also rich in gold, copper, and coconut oil, and a major exporter for electronic products and medical equipment.

What are the benefits of having a rich marine biodiversity?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.

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Which country has the highest marine biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What are the marine resources in the Philippines?

The Philippine archipelago is endowed with ecologically diverse and economically important coastal resources such as coral reefs, mangroves, estuarine areas, beaches, and a variety of fisheries.

What marine can be found in the Philippines?

Macro Critters, Turtles, Sharks and More in Puerto Galera

Marine life is in abundance here so you can also expect to also see turtles, schooling reef fish of jacks, snapper, groupers, trevally, barracuda, fairy basslets and trigger fish, moray eels and passing reef sharks.

What is Philippine marine biodiversity?

Covering a major portion of the Coral Triangle, with more than 16800 sq km of coral reef, the Philippines is a global centre for marine biodiversity. Its central region, from Luzon to Mindanao, has more marine species per unit area than any other place on the planet.

What are coral reefs in the Philippines?

The coral reefs of the Philippines are the second-largest in Southeast Asia, covering 10,000 square miles (26,000 square kilometers). The reefs support extraordinary biodiversity, including more than 400 species of hard coral—12 of which are unique to the area—and more than 900 species of reef fish.

Which ecosystem are found in the Philippines?

The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines

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General Types (Higher Level) Sub-types (Lower Level)
Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp
Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs
Special Ecosystems Caves