Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
Why is biodiversity important for survival?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
How does biodiversity affect the survival of species?
Explanation: Increased genetic diversity leads to increased chance of species survival. Species with a limited variety of phenotypes and where all members of the species are similar to one another have a smaller chance of coping with environmental variability compared to a species with greater diversity.
What are three reasons why biodiversity is important?
5 Reasons Why Biodiversity Matters – to Human Health, the Economy and Your Wellbeing
- Biodiversity Ensures Health and Food Security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security. …
- Biodiversity Helps Fight Disease. …
- Biodiversity Benefits Business. …
- Biodiversity Provides Livelihoods. …
- Biodiversity Protects Us.
How does biodiversity increase stability in an ecosystem?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
Explanation: Biodiversity is a measurement of how many different types of organisms are found in an ecosystem. The higher the biodiversity means that the ecosystem can sustain (maintain) many different types of producers, consumers, and decomposers. This generally means that the area is healthy.
How does the biodiversity of an ecosystem affect its resilience?
Biologically diverse communities are also more likely to contain species that confer resilience to that ecosystem because as a community accumulates species, there is a higher chance of any one of them having traits that enable them to adapt to a changing environment.
How biodiversity is affected and endangered by human activities?
The main threats facing biodiversity globally are: destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.
What would happen without biodiversity?
Biodiversity underpins the health of the planet and has a direct impact on all our lives. Put simply, reduced biodiversity means millions of people face a future where food supplies are more vulnerable to pests and disease, and where fresh water is in irregular or short supply.
How can biodiversity be increased in an ecosystem?
As a general rule, increasing biodiversity can be achieved by diversifying the range of habitats or vegetation structures available at a site. This can be achieved by, for example, varying mowing regimes, planting or seeding with native tree and shrub species, or occasional soil disturbance.