How does climate change affect the agriculture in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia’s economy is highly dependent on agriculture which is very sensitive to climate change. For example, an increase in flooding will wash away crops, reduce the amount of grazing land for livestock, and reduce productivity due to waterlogging of farmland.

What are the effect of climate change in crop production in Ethiopia?

Production of teff, maize and sorghum will decline by 25.4, 21.8 and 25.2 percent, respectively by 2050 compared to the base period. Climate change will also cause losses of 31.1 percent agricultural GDP at factor cost by 2050.

How does climate change affect agriculture?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

What effects does climate change have on Ethiopia?

Climate change is expected to increase heatwaves, droughts, flooding, and sea levels around the world, and also cause important health risks in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is vulnerable to many of the effects of climate change, including increases in average temperature and changes in precipitation.

IMPORTANT:  What is the correct order of the ecological levels of organization from the simplest to most complex?

What is climate and agriculture Ethiopia?

It contains two agricultural regions, the lowlands and the highlands, which are prone to higher temperatures, prolonged droughts, precipitation variations, soil erosion, and desertification. Most of Ethiopia’s livestock grazing land is found in the lowlands, and most of the subsistence farms are found in the highlands.

What are the major causes and consequences of climate change in Ethiopia?

The country’s vulnerability to climate change is further increased by high levels of poverty, rapid population growth, and reliance on rain-fed agriculture. In addition, high levels of environmental degradation, chronic food insecurity, frequent natural drought cycles, etc.

How does climate change affect plants and crops?

Climate change may actually benefit some plants by lengthening growing seasons and increasing carbon dioxide. Yet other effects of a warmer world, such as more pests, droughts, and flooding, will be less benign. Under the HadGEM2 model, corn farmers will see crops decline by nearly 16 percent. …

How does climate change affect agriculture in Africa?

Changes in climate such as higher temperatures and reduced water supplies, along with other factors like biodiversity loss and ecosystems degradation, affect agriculture. … Therefore, if current climate trends continue, by 2030 wheat production is likely to decline by 10% to 20% from 1998–2002 yields.

What are the major environmental problems in Ethiopia and explain them?

With the exception of climate change, the major environmental issues affecting Ethiopia are soil erosion and land degradation, deforestation and forest degradation, water scarcity, biodiversity loss, and various types of pollution.

IMPORTANT:  Which of the following is an example of an ecosystem service quizlet?

What is the environmental impact of drought in Ethiopia?

Based on past experiences, drought affected nearly all sectors in Ethiopia; agriculture (loss of crops and livestock), water resources (in- crease in evaporation and decline in availability of fresh water which results in water stress), inadequate water for industry, reduced elec- tricity production [from hydropower], …

What is Ethiopian climate resilient green economy?

Launched in 2011, the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy sets that by 2025 Ethiopia will be a middle-‐income country, resilient to climate change impacts and with no net increase in greenhouse gas emissions from 2010 levels.

What is agriculture system in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is basically an agricultural and pastoral country. … The two dominant agricultural systems in Ethiopia are the mixed agriculture of the highlands, where both crops and livestock production are integrated, and pastoralism in the lowlands. The mixed agriculture exhibits several subsystems.

What is agriculture in Ethiopia?

Principal crops include coffee, pulses (e.g., beans), oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables. Exports are almost entirely agricultural commodities, and coffee is the largest foreign exchange earner. Ethiopia is also Africa’s second biggest maize producer.

What is the potential of agriculture in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has great agricultural potential because of its vast areas of fertile land, diverse climate, generally adequate rainfall, and large labor pool. Despite this potential, however, Ethiopian agriculture has remained underdeveloped.