The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.
How does a location affect climate?
An area’s latitude on the surface of the Earth (location in terms of north and south) also affects the weather, because it changes the intensity of the sun’s light that the area receives. This has a direct effect on the temperature.
What affects the climate of a location the most?
Latitude plays a huge factor in determining climate. … A region’s elevation, proximity to the ocean or freshwater, and land-use patterns can all impact climate. All climates are the product of many factors, including latitude, elevation, topography, distance from the ocean, and location on a continent.
How does geography affect the climate?
Latitude, or distance from the equator, is perhaps the most apparent geographic indicator of climate. In general, the hottest climates are closest to the equator, with climates tending to become increasingly cooler with increasing distance from the equator.
How do valleys affect climate?
Interesting weather features can occur in the valley. Since a river or stream often flows through a valley, this increases the moisture. This combined with cooler temperatures at night can result in valley fog and clouds. If an inversion is in place, the fog, clouds and/or smog can persist in the valley during the day.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
How can locations be identified by its climate and topography?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
How does the geographical location of the Philippines affect its weather climate and seasons?
The Philippines is located in the western Pacific Ocean, surrounded by naturally warm waters that will likely get even warmer as average sea-surface temperatures continue to rise. To some extent, this is a normal pattern: the ocean surface warms as it absorbs sunlight.
How does the geography of different regions affect climate?
How does the geography of different regions affect the climate? A region’s distance from the equator, it’s elevation,and it’s distance from large bodies of water all affect climate. Western slopes of mountains get more rain than eastern slopes because weather moves from west to east.
How does flat land affect climate?
Land at higher latitudes receives less concentrated solar radiation due to the smaller angle at which the Sun’s rays arrive at the surface. This makes their climates generally cooler than land near the equator.
How does a mountain affect climate?
Mountains as rain makers and rain takers
The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. When the moist, oceanic air encounters the mountains it begins to rise. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation.
How do mountains and hills affect climate?
Fourthly, mountains themselves play a major role in influencing regional and glo- bal climates. They act as barriers for wind flow, which induces enhanced precipita- tion on the windward side, and reduced precipitation and warmer temperatures on the leeward side.