The southwest monsoon blows in from the equatorial Pacific, bringing excessive rainfall and gusty winds to the Philippines from June to November. During this season, deadly typhoons (the Eastern Hemisphere’s equivalent of hurricanes) can make landfall.
How does the southwest monsoon affect the Philippines?
The southwest monsoon affects the country from late June to October (occurrence may also vary each year). Low season in the Philippines occurs during the habagat season because of frequent rainfall and high humidity. A series of flash floods and landslides are regular incidents during this season.
How monsoons affect the climate in the Philippines?
The summer monsoon brings heavy rains to most of the archipelago from May to October. Annual average rainfall ranges from as much as 5,000 millimeters (197 in) in the mountainous east coast section of the country, to less than 1,000 millimeters (39 in) in some of the sheltered valleys.
What are the effects of southwest monsoon?
Because the southwest monsoon flows from sea to land, it carries more moisture, and therefore causes more rain, than the northeast monsoon. Only part of the northeast monsoon passing over the Bay of Bengal picks up moisture, causing rain in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu during the winter months.
How do monsoons affect climate?
Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia. The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall. … The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.
Why does the southwest monsoon or Habagat bring heavy rains to the Philippines?
The significant southwest monsoon rainfall is a by-product of air passing over large areas of warm equatorial ocean, stimulating increased levels of evaporation from the ocean’s surface; the southwest monsoon air, now laden with water vapour, cools as it moves north and as it rises over land; at some point the air is …
What is southwest monsoon in the Philippines?
Southwest Monsoon (HABAGAT) Warm moist winds from the southwest causing rains over the western portion of the country from May to September.
What factors that affects the climate in the Philippines?
Temperature, humidity, and rainfall, which are discussed hereunder, are the most important elements of the country’s weather and climate. Based on the average of all weather stations in the Philippines, excluding Baguio, the mean annual temperature is 26.6o C.
What is southwest monsoon?
The period June to September is referred to as the ‘Southwest Monsoon’ period. Southwest Monsoon period is the principal rainy season for the Indian subcontinent. This is the summer monsoon period where the southwest monsoon holds away over the country.
What influences the climate of the Philippines?
The climate of the Philipines is influenced by the complex interaction of various factors such as the country’s geography and topography; principal air streams; ocean currents; linear systems such as the intertropical convergence zone; and tropical cyclones which are classified as tropical depression, tropical storm or …
What is the effects of monsoon?
Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C). However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.
How do monsoons affect people’s lives?
During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding. Powerful floodwaters can drown victims and damage buildings, leaving people without homes and vulnerable to the elements. During the 2014 summer monsoon in Pakistan and India, nearly 300 people lost their lives during landslides and home collapses.
What causes the monsoon winds in the Philippines?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.
How does Southwest monsoon occur?
The monsoon is driven by the sun heating up the land and the Pacific Ocean at different rates, with land surfaces warming more quickly than the ocean. … The warm land creates low-pressure zones as hot air rises. Once this pattern establishes across the region, the winds shift to fill in the vacuum.
How do monsoons affect the population of South Asia?
How do monsoons affect peoples lives in South Asia? They give them water and cause heavy rains. … Because when it overflows during the summer monsoons it can kill people and destroy their property.
What is monsoon type of climate?
Monsoons are land and sea breezes on a much larger scale. Unlike equatorial wet climate, monsoon climate is characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons associated with seasonal reversal of winds. Floods in wet season and droughts in dry season are common.