Rising temperatures and intense rainfall events increase incidence of vector-borne and waterborne diseases already endemic to the country. Groundwater recharge is also inhibited by warming temperatures, increasing water stress vulnerabilities for households and the agriculture sector.
Why is Jamaica vulnerable to climate change?
Jamaica is vulnerable to the climate change hazards that threaten it mainly because of its dependence on freshwater sources, infrastructural inadequacies, and reliance on different economic goods and services.
How does climate change affect agriculture in Jamaica?
Citrus and root crops are sensitive to changes in temperature and precipitation (moisture). With projected increases in drought conditions and up to 2.8 degree Celsius rise in temperature in the next 60 to 70 years, Jamaica’s domestic crops will be under stress and food security will be threatened.
How will climate change affect the Caribbean?
The main environmental changes expected to affect the Caribbean are a rise in sea level, stronger hurricanes, longer dry seasons and shorter wet seasons. As a result, climate change is expected to lead to changes in the economy, environment and population of the Caribbean.
How does climate change affect the economy of Jamaica?
Climatic features, such as temperature and precipitation, will affect the demand for tourism in Jamaica. By 2050 the industry is expected to lose US$ 132.2 million and 106.1 million under the A2 and B2 scenarios, respectively.
How does the climate in Jamaica affect the food?
With our region being affected by higher temperatures and more frequent rainfall, the persistence and occurrence of bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi and their vectors will increase, along with their corresponding food-borne diseases and risk of toxic contamination to food.
How does climate change affect agriculture?
Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.
What are the effects of climate change on agriculture?
Changes in ozone, greenhouse gases and climate change affect agricultural producers greatly because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause habitat ranges and crop planting dates to shift and droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.
Which affects the climate of the Caribbean island most?
Geography affects the climate of the Caribbean. The windward side, or the side facing the wind, of its mountainous islands tend to see more rain. … Central America’s climate is characterized by a wet and dry season. The wet season runs from November to May.
How does climate change affect small islands?
Small islands are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including sea-level rise and extreme weather events. … Rising sea levels will submerge territory and worsen storm surge (high water during storms) and erosion, threatening settlements and infrastructure that support livelihood.
What climate concerns does the Caribbean have?
But specific hazards such as rising sea levels, warming temperatures, deforestation, and more frequent and extreme weather events, place the Caribbean at higher risk, to the point of coastal communities and entire islands potentially disappearing if the dangers of global warming are not addressed collectively and …
How does climate change affect tourism in Jamaica?
Tourism is concentrated in coastal areas making it vulnerable to sea level rise and extreme climate features. Estimates have shown that a 1m rise in seal level will impact about 8% of major resorts in Jamaica, while a 2m rise will have an impact on 18% of these resorts.
How does climate change affect animals in Jamaica?
Increased inundation of coastal wetlands and lowlands. Loss of estuarine, coastal species and communities. Increased intrusion of salt water vegetation into freshwater ecosystems in coastal areas. Loss of nesting and feeding habitats particularly for endangered turtle species and crocodiles.
What is Jamaica’s climate?
Climate – Jamaica. In Jamaica, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, with little difference between winter and summer (just a few degrees). Even in winter, daytime temperatures are around 27/30 °C (81/86 °F) and night-time temperatures around 20/23 °C (68/73 °F).