How is wetland ecosystem important for biodiversity?

Wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. … Wetlands are among the most productive habitats on earth providing shelter and nursery areas for commercially and recreationally important animals like fish and shellfish, as well as wintering grounds for migrating birds.

How are wetlands important for biodiversity?

Wetlands protect biodiversity

The insects that are attracted to the plants provide food for other animals like fish, frogs and birds, who in turn attract other predators. The biodiversity of wetlands has produced some incredible specialist species that are only found in these habitats.

Why are wetland ecosystems important?

Far from being useless, disease-ridden places, wetlands provide values that no other ecosystem can. These include natural water quality improvement, flood protection, shoreline erosion control, opportunities for recreation and aesthetic appreciation and natural products for our use at no cost.

What are wetlands and their importance?

Wetlands are unique, productive ecosystems where terrestrial and aquatic habitats meet. Wetlands play a critical role in maintaining many natural cycles and supporting a wide range of biodiversity. … They serve as a natural sponge against flooding and drought, protect our coastlines and help fight climate change.

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Why are wetlands rich in biodiversity?

Wetlands — marshy areas of land where the soil is saturated with water — are crucial incubators of species diversity, as important as tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Wetlands help control inland flooding and forestall wave erosion along shorelines; they diminish drought damage. …

How does a wetland ecosystem work?

Wetland ecosystems also act as water-treatment facilities. The plants, fungi, and algae of a wetland filter wastes and purify water. Nitrates and other runoff chemicals often wash into wetlands from urban areas and farms. Organisms there absorb the harmful chemicals.

Why are coastal wetlands important what is meant by ecosystem services and what essential services do coastal wetlands provide?

Coastal habitats provide ecosystem services essential to people and the environment. … Services provided by coastal wetlands include: Flood Protection: Coastal wetlands protect upland areas, including valuable residential and commercial property, from flooding due to sea level rise and storms.

Why are wetlands and coral reefs important?

As with coral reefs, these habitats help vulnerable coastal communities adapt to a changing climate by stabilizing shorelines and serving as a buffer from storms. Coastal wetlands are also important for mitigating the effects of climate change because they sequester large amounts of carbon in the soil.

Why are wetlands important to the economy?

Wetlands contribute to the national and local economies by producing resources, enabling recreational activities and providing other benefits, such as pollution control and flood protection.

What are 3 benefits of wetlands?

Wetlands provide many societal benefits: food and habitat for fish and wildlife, including threatened and endangered species; water quality improvement; flood storage; shoreline erosion control; economically beneficial natural products for human use; and opportunities for recreation, education, and research (Figure 28) …

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What is importance biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What are wetlands write any four importance of wetlands?

Wetlands ecosystems are vital parts of hydrological cycle, highly productive, support rich biodiversity and provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, storm buffers, erosion control, aquifer recharge, microclimate regulation, aesthetic enhancement of …

What are 5 benefits of wetlands?

What are the benefits of wetlands?

  • Improved Water Quality. Wetlands can intercept runoff from surfaces prior to reaching open water and remove pollutants through physical, chemical, and biological processes. …
  • Erosion Control. …
  • Flood Abatement. …
  • Habitat Enhancement. …
  • Water Supply. …
  • Recreation. …
  • Partnerships. …
  • Education.

What makes an ecosystem with high biodiversity low biodiversity?

When an ecosystem has high biodiversity it is always more stable than an ecosystem that has low biodiversity. … Low biodiversity is when there are a few prominent species and a low number of other species within the habitat. High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.