How many ecosystems are there in Pakistan?

Nine major ecological zones are recognized in Pakistan.

What ecosystems are in Pakistan?

Pakistan is hosting a collection of unique ecosystems like Baluchistan Juniper Forests, Chilghoza Forests, Baluchistan Subtropical Forests, Sub-Tropical Deciduous Forests, Himalayan Dry and Moist Temperate Forests, Trans-Himalayan Plateau, Thorn Forest, The Baluchistan Desert Basin, The Thar Desert, Indus Delta …

What are the major ecosystems in Pakistan?

26.3: Some major Ecosystems in Pakistan (Practice Test)

  • Temperate Deciduous Forests.
  • More on Temperate Deciduous Forests.
  • Coniferous Alpine and Boreal Forests.
  • Taiga.
  • The Grass Land Ecosystem.
  • More on Grass Land Ecosystem.
  • Savannah.
  • Desert Ecosystem.

How many biomes are found in Pakistan?

List of ecoregions in Pakistan

Realm Biome Ecoregion
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Thar desert
Indomalayan Mangrove Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves
Palearctic Temperate coniferous forests East Afghan montane conifer forests
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Pakistan?

As a consequence of these geographical and climatic factors, Pakistan has been divided into 10 major ecological or vegetative zones.

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How many forests are in Pakistan?

Introduction. Pakistan has 4.2 million ha of forest and planted trees, which equates to 4.8 percent of the total land area. Forty percent of the forest area comprises coniferous and scrub forest in the northern hills and mountains.

Is Pakistan a desert?

Pakistan hosts five deserts which were historical forests. They include the Thar Desert in Sindh, the Cholistan Desert in Bahawalpur (Punjab), the Thal Desert in Bhakkar (Punjab), the Kharan Desert in Balochistan, and the Katpana Desert in Skardu (Gilgit-Baltistan).

Which ecosystem is found near the coastline of Pakistan?

Over 600,000 hectares of Pakistan’s coastline is under mangrove forestation. The coastal communities as well as the fisheries of the coast are dependent on this ecosystem, their very existence entwined with its well being.

Who discovered biomes?

The term biome was born in 1916 in the opening address at the first meeting of the Ecological Society of America, given by Frederick Clements (1916b). In 1917, an abstract of this talk was published in the Journal of Ecology. Here Clements introduced his ‘biome’ as a synonym to ‘biotic community’.

What is major ecosystem?

An ecosystem consists of all the living and non-living things in a specific natural setting. Plants, animals, insects, microorganisms, rocks, soil, water and sunlight are major components of many ecosystems. … The major types of ecosystems are forests, grasslands, deserts, tundra, freshwater and marine.

What kind of forest are found in mountain areas in Pakistan?

Usually found in the mountainous regions and the areas with high elevation, Alpine Forests are divided into two categories in Pakistan: sub-alpine forests and alpine scrub. Here are some features of Alpine Forests in Pakistan: This particular type of forest is found throughout the Himalayas at about 3,350 m.

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What is Pakistan climate?

Pakistan’s climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N). … Along the coastal strip, the climate is modified by sea breeze.

What are agro ecological zones of Pakistan?

Agro-ecological zones

  • Zone I. Indus Delta. …
  • Zone II. Southern Irrigated Plain, the Lower Indus Plain. …
  • Zone IIIa. Sandy Desert (a). …
  • Zone IIIb. Sandy Desert (b) – sand ridges and dunes. …
  • Zone IVa. Northern Irrigated Plain (a) – Flood Plains and Bar Uplands. …
  • Zone IVb. …
  • Zone V. …
  • Zone VI.

Which species is endemic to Pakistan?

The subspecies Felis margarita scheffeli is endemic to Pakistan. The subspecies Capra aegagrus blythi and Capra aegagrus chialtanensis are endemic to Pakistan.

Does Pakistan have deforestation?

Pakistan faces immense problems of deforestation and forest degradation. Less than five percent of its total area is under forests. The rate of deforestation of 1.5% is very high and alarming. … Section V explains local level approaches to deal with deforestation and being practiced in some parts of the country.

What is Pakistan’s biodiversity?

Pakistan is rich in biodiversity, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions which cover almost 80% of the total land area. A number of animal and plant species are threatened and/or endangered largely due to over-exploitation and loss of natural habitat.