The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Why is Philippines rich in biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
What is rich biodiversity?
Agriculture. Agricultural biodiversity includes all the habitats and species that benefit or enhance ecosystem functions related to food production. A rich and varied biodiversity, both wild and cultivated, contributes to reducing malnutrition and its nega tive impacts on human productivity and health.
What describes a place that has rich biodiversity it has?
Areas with extremely high levels of biodiversity are called hotspots. Endemic species—species that are only found in one particular location—are also found in hotspots. All of the Earth’s species work together to survive and maintain their ecosystems.
Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
How can we promote biodiversity in the Philippines?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
How is biodiversity valuable to human society?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.
What is Philippine marine biodiversity?
Covering a major portion of the Coral Triangle, with more than 16800 sq km of coral reef, the Philippines is a global centre for marine biodiversity. Its central region, from Luzon to Mindanao, has more marine species per unit area than any other place on the planet.
What makes Philippine biodiversity unique?
The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. … This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.
What are the benefits of having a rich marine biodiversity?
Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.
What is the value of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is essential for preserving ecological processes, such as fixing and recycling of nutrients, soil formation, circulation and cleansing of air and water, global life support, maintaining the water balance within ecosystems, watershed protection, maintaining stream and river flows throughout the year, …
How is biodiversity the most important wealth of the planet?
Answer: Biodiversity is hugely important in that it supplies the world with a source of food, fuel and building material. Both humans and animals utilise plants and other animals in order to survive. … Rich biodiversity has also enabled scientists to develop some species to become more resistant to climate change.
What are the value of biodiversity describe each value?
The social value of biodiversity includes aesthetic, recreational, cultural and spiritual values. To this can be added health benefits resulting from recreational and other activities.