Question: Which of the following is an environmental factor that can cause an infectious disease?

Environmental factors influencing the spread of communicable diseases. Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics.

What diseases are caused by environmental factors?

Examples include: Chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause lung cancer. Exposure to asbestos, an insulating material found in some older buildings, can cause tumors, lung cancer, and other diseases. Wood-burning stoves and poorly vented gas ranges can produce smoke or gases that can cause breathing problems.

What are environmental infectious diseases?

The environment plays a powerful role in the transmission of infectious diseases, including vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, and human African trypanosomiasis.

What are the 4 most common causes of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by microorganisms. These are microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. They can sometimes be caught from other people, the environment, from animal contact, or from insect bites.

What are examples of environmental diseases?

Examples include: Chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause lung cancer. Exposure to asbestos, an insulating material found in some older buildings, can cause tumours, lung cancer, and other diseases. Wood-burning stoves and poorly vented gas ranges can produce smoke or gases that can cause breathing problems.

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Which are the infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious…

  • Coronaviruses. …
  • Diphtheria. …
  • Ebola. …
  • Flu (Influenza) …
  • Hepatitis. …
  • Hib Disease. …
  • HIV/AIDS. …
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

What are the five environmental factors?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.

What are the factors that cause disease?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:

  • Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
  • Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
  • Fungi. …
  • Parasites.

How many diseases are caused by environmental factors?

Environmental risk factors, such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change, and ultraviolet radiation, contribute to more than 100 diseases and injuries.

What factors contribute to the emergence of an infectious disease?

Several factors contribute to the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, but most can be linked with the increasing number of people living and moving on earth: rapid and intense international travel; overcrowding in cities with poor sanitation; changes in handling and processing of large quantities of food …

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

The four different categories of infectious agents are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

Common Viruses

  • Common cold.
  • Norovirus.
  • Stomach flu.
  • Hepatitis.

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases affect billions of people around the globe annually. According to WHO and the CDC, these infectious diseases are the five most common.

  • Hepatitis B. …
  • Malaria. …
  • Hepatitis C. …
  • Dengue. …
  • Tuberculosis.
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What are the 4 main types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.