Quick Answer: Where is biodiversity usually higher?

Where is biodiversity higher?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Where are you most likely to find high diversity?

Species diversity is greatest in the tropics, particularly in tropical forests and coral reefs. The Amazon basin in South America has the largest area of tropical forests.

What ecosystem has the highest biodiversity in the world?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.

What leads to high biodiversity?

Unique Climates and Conditions. One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.

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What is high biodiversity?

High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

Why is biodiversity higher near the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Why is biodiversity higher in the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Which habitat exhibits the greatest biodiversity?

Specifically, biodiversity of land species is greatest in tropical forests and marine diversity is greatest along coral reefs.

What is an example of high biodiversity?

Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America. Such forests are also thriving in parts of central Africa and also in islands of Indonesia. In marine environment, coral reefs are example of high biodiversity aquatic ecosystems.

In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?

Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option. These kinds of environments help in promoting niche specialization and also leads to greater species diversity.

What happens when there is high biodiversity?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

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How can biodiversity be increased?

6 Ways to Preserve Biodiversity

  1. Support local farms. …
  2. Save the bees! …
  3. Plant local flowers, fruits and vegetables. …
  4. Take shorter showers! …
  5. Respect local habitats. …
  6. Know the source!

Why do deserts have high biodiversity?

This is due to the high temperatures, low rainfall and a lack of available water. However, biodiversity increases close to desert water sources such as seasonal rivers and lakes and near to an oasis. … Some plants have the bulk of their biomass below the surface of the Earth where temperatures are cooler.